Obstetrician and gynecologist: two nutrients should be supplemented after pregnancy, otherwise it will affect the health of the fetus

time:2022-12-05 05:03:00source:monlittlebaby.com author:Baby bones
Obstetrician and gynecologist: two nutrients should be supplemented after pregnancy, otherwise it will affect the health of the fetus

Text | Duan Tao, director of Yingma Shanghai Maternal and Child Health Hospital, mentioned that two kinds of nutrition must be supplemented after pregnancy, and the others do not need additional supplements!

These two nutrients are folic acid and calcium supplements, and there must be principles

Principle 1: supplementation time folic acid is recommended as the top three for pregnancy Supplementation starts every month, because the neural tube of our fetus develops in the first trimester, so when you are not pregnant, you need to let the mother have enough folic acid in the body to better help the development of the neural tube of the fetus and avoid fetal malformations. . In the past few decades, the country has implemented the free distribution of folic acid and recommended that women preparing for pregnancy and early pregnancy supplement folic acid, which has greatly reduced the probability of fetal malformations! And folic acid needs to be replenished until the end of the first trimester, which is a full half a year. If the mother takes folic acid when she eats a multivitamin, including folic acid, she can continue to eat it in the second and third trimesters, because the body also needs folic acid in the second and third trimesters. Calcium supplementation begins in the second trimester, because in the second trimester, the fetus's teeth and bones begin to develop, and the body needs a lot of calcium. In the second and third trimesters, you need at least 1,000 mg of calcium per day, and as long as the amount of calcium supplementation does not exceed 2,000 mg, it is safe. The daily intake of calcium by mothers through food is only about 500 mg. If you drink 200 ml of milk every day, you can barely reach 700 mg, but there is a gap of 300 mg from 1000 mg of calcium per day, so you can eat about 400 mg of calcium per day. piece. Calcium supplementation is recommended until the child is born and if the mother continues to breastfeed after childbirth, it should be supplemented until the end of the lactation period. Principle 2: The way of supplementation Some mothers say that folic acid mainly comes from plants, so can I eat more vegetables? It is true that vegetables are rich in folic acid, but the loss of folic acid in vegetables is also very fast. When we cook vegetables, folic acid will be lost, so the absorption rate of folic acid through food supplementation is very low, so folic acid tablets must be passed. To add, when a mother is preparing for pregnancy, she can get it for free as long as she gets the ID cards of both husband and wife to the relevant maternal and child health care center, or health center. Calcium supplementation methods are more diverse. You can supplement calcium tablets, or you can supplement it with milk powder or milk, but the amount of supplementation must meet the standard. Generally, the calcium supplemented by meals is only about 500 mg, so there is still a vacancy of 500 mg to be supplemented. , If the mother has a long-term calcium deficiency, it will cause cramps and even affect the mother's bone health. Principle 3: Precautions for Supplementation Folic acid is best supplemented on a half-empty stomach, and the absorption effect will be better, for example, between meals. Calcium tablets must have vitamin D, so mothers should buy calcium tablets containing vitamin D when buying calcium tablets. If you are drinking milk, mothers should remember to do enough outdoor activities, because outdoor sunlight can stimulate the skin to produce vitamin D3 and promote calcium absorption.

In addition to these two nutrients that must be supplemented, there are also how to supplement iron and DHA

Iron: supplementation after examination. If the mother finds that the hemoglobin is relatively low when drawing blood, and other causes of anemia are ruled out, then it is usually iron deficiency anemia, and some hospitals will recommend the mother to test Look at the serum iron content. If iron deficiency is found, supplementation will be recommended. If it is more serious, iron supplements may be prescribed. For mild iron deficiency, it is recommended to supplement it through the diet. The dietary recommendation is that the effect of iron supplementation is the best by eating the liver of animals, followed by red meat, such as lean meat, beef, and mutton. These red meats are rich in iron and have a relatively high absorption rate. Iron is heme iron. Of course, even if the mother is not anemic, the iron requirement will increase after pregnancy, so she must eat red meat every day, and eat animal liver or animal blood twice a week. DHADHA, also known as docosahexaenoic acid, does not have to be supplemented. Mothers can consume DHA daily through marine fish. If the mother does not like to eat fish, she can supplement DHA as appropriate. How do you supplement the above 4 nutrients after pregnancy? Welcome to leave a message in the comment area.
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