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What is cholera?

time:2022-11-27 05:42:33source:monlittlebaby.com author:Make one's mouth water
What is cholera?

Cholera is rarely heard of in our country, but it still occurs occasionally. So what is cholera? Cholera is an acute gastrointestinal infection characterized by severe diarrhea. The cause is gastrointestinal infection with toxigenic Vibrio cholerae, serosubtype O1 or O139.

Is cholera still common?

About 1.3 million to 14 million people worldwide are infected each year, and about 20,000 to 140,000 people die from cholera. One in 10 infected people may experience severe symptoms, and vomiting and watery diarrhea can quickly lead to severe dehydration and shock, and death within hours if not treated promptly.

How do humans become infected with Vibrio cholerae?

Vibrio cholerae is present in water and food and can make you sick if you eat contaminated food or water. Larger outbreaks can occur if people who are already infected dump their feces into public water supplies or contaminate food. Cholera is more common in areas with poor sanitation and where water sources are unsafe or inadequate. People who often eat raw seafood are also more likely to be infected. The incubation period for

symptoms of cholera

is usually 2-3 days, but can range from a few hours to five days. Most infected people are asymptomatic or have only mild symptoms, and a few may have the following serious symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea (persistent watery diarrhea), leg cramps, confusion, and death.

How is cholera diagnosed?

The diagnosis of cholera requires testing for the presence of Vibrio cholerae in the stool.

Cholera treatment

It is critical to start replacing lost fluids and electrolytes as early as possible. Oral rehydration salts (ORS) can be given for mild symptoms, and intravenous rehydration is required for severe symptoms. Although antibiotics can also help with treatment, they are not as important as rehydration. Getting medical attention early is the key to healing.

How can cholera be prevented?

  • Be sure to drink clean bottled water or beverages when going to endemic areas, and check whether the seals of the bottles are in good condition;
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and running water;
  • Use clean water for washing dishes, dishes, brushing teeth and cooking;
  • Eat cooked food and eat it hot;
  • Do not defecate anywhere to avoid contamination;
  • Vaccines: Vaccinations can be considered when going to endemic areas, although not 100% protection, but also very helpful.
Cholera is a very rare disease in our country, but it still occurs occasionally.
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