Before the age of 3 is a critical period for brain development. If you grasp this, the more you raise, the smarter your child will be.

time:2022-12-09 08:57:02source:monlittlebaby.com author:Cry
Before the age of 3 is a critical period for brain development. If you grasp this, the more you raise, the smarter your child will be.

CD Mom CD Mom and Dad Raising a smart child is probably the wish of every old mother. This also leads to the fact that every time a topic about brain development is mentioned, there is always a response. No exaggeration! After all, by the age of 3, a child's brain volume is indeed close to 90% of an adult's. But don't underestimate the short three years before, it seems that eating, drinking, and playing have passed, but it is the period of the fastest neurodevelopment of children's brains. After knowing this, who can not care about the brain development of children before the age of 3? In our daily life, the intentional early education for children, and many casual words, are not all expressing our ardent expectations for children's brain development. But ah, brain development is not just about education, it is about nutrition. As the so-called "changes remain the same", to seize the critical period of children's brain development, we must work hard to supplement nutrition. 1. Brain development needs nutrition Just like the body needs nutrition, the brain needs a lot of nutritional supplements to develop well. A study from the University of California in the United States said: in the first few years of life, if lack of nutrition will lead to a decline in his IQ. From this point of view, during the critical period of children's brain development, the diversity of diet and nutritional balance are more required. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a statement on "Children's Brain Development": The first 1,000 days of life (from pregnancy to the child's 2 years old)... The intake of all nutrients is important, and 11 of them are brain-building nutrients for the baby's brain development. Especially critical, if the supply is insufficient, it will be detrimental to brain development for life. The "11 Brain Building Nutrients" mentioned here include: protein, zinc, iron, choline, folic acid, iodine, long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12. Without exception, it is necessary for us to pay special attention to supplementary nutrition for our children. Here are some that we usually pay more attention to, such as DHA (unsaturated fatty acids) and protein. But there are other nutrients that are also important for brain development that are often overlooked. Today, let's pick a few more important nutrients to chat with you, what should you pay attention to in your diet if you want to promote brain development. 2. Several important nutrients to promote brain development Among so many nutrients, several are often easily overlooked: 1. DHA DHA, also known as "brain gold". Just listening to this nickname, you can guess that DHA plays an important role in brain development. We did not guess wrong, and it can even be said that brain development is inseparable from DHA. What is DHA? Simply put, it is an unsaturated fatty acid that is very important to the human body and a major component of the growth and maintenance of cells in the nervous system. In the brain, DHA accounts for 40% of all polyunsaturated fatty acids, and has the effect of promoting brain nerve conduction and synapse growth and development; it accounts for 50% of neuron cell membranes, and has the effect of promoting coordinated nerve conduction. From this point of view, appropriate supplementation of DHA is very beneficial to the development of the central nervous system of the brain. During the critical period of the child's 0-3 brain development, DHA will be preferentially accumulated in the rapidly developing brain and retina, and will continue to accumulate for a long time to supply the child's normal growth and development. If the intake of DHA is insufficient, it may affect the child's brain development and visual development, and even affect the development of neurological functions such as behavior and fine motor. Therefore, if you want to seize the critical period of your child's brain development, don't forget to supplement DHA for your baby! Some experts suggest that the daily intake of DHA for infants and young children should be more than 100mg, with a maximum of no more than 1000mg. So what additional ways are there? Like calcium and iron, it is of course the best if they can be supplemented with food. The "Expert Consensus on DHA Supplementation for Maternal and Infant in China" once pointed out that as long as the daily DHA intake of nursing mothers is more than 200 mg, 100 mg of DHA will be provided to the child. If the breast milk is insufficient, the baby can also be supplemented by formula powder containing DHA. After starting solid feeding, it can be supplemented with foods rich in DHA. Everyone agrees that it is supplemented by fish and seafood (such as salmon, cod, sea bass, etc.). Of course, if food supplements are difficult to achieve, we still need to supplement them through nutritional supplements. 2. Protein The importance of protein, let's talk about it. Grow taller, enhance resistance... protein is indispensable everywhere. But you know what? Protein also plays an important role in a child's brain development. Some data show that protein accounts for about 35% of the components of brain cells. There are more than 100 kinds of "neurotransmitters" in the brain that transmit information and play a crucial role in the development of the brain, and these "neurotransmitters" are all made of proteins. It can almost be said that protein is the basis for the development of brain cells and is the "cornerstone" of the brain. In addition, histamine, which is related to children's learning ability and memory, dopamine, which is related to sports and reading ability, and norepinephrine, which is related to enthusiasm...the secretion of them is inseparable from protein. If the child is not given enough protein, the child's brain development is bound to be affected, and the IQ may become lower. You see, this obviously means that, in addition to DHA, protein is an essential nutrient for brain development. "Chinese Residents' Dietary Nutrient Reference Intakes (2013)" once proposed that children aged 0.5-4 should consume 20-30g of protein per day. The best source of high-quality protein is fresh food. Many common foods in our lives are actually rich in protein. For example: milk, eggs, fish and shrimp, sea cucumbers, beef, soybeans (especially soybeans)... If the child is not yet at the age of supplementary food and breastfeeding, then the mother must consume sufficient protein to provide the child with Nutrients needed for brain development. Therefore, regardless of whether we eat it ourselves or add complementary food to our children, we can increase these foods as appropriate. 3. Lutein Among the many nutrients required for brain development, the most easily overlooked is lutein. It is usually mentioned less, and we know very little about the role of brain development. We also said earlier that DHA plays a role in promoting vision development. But what many people don't know is that lutein's contribution is not small, and it is also known as "vision gold". It can not only resist harmful blue light, but also protect retinal nerve cells, just like "invisible sunglasses", it acts as a barrier to children's eyes. That is to say, in promoting visual development, the role of lutein is very critical. What does visual development have to do with brain development? During early brain development, about 80% of children's learning is done through vision. Just imagine whether the child can extract part of the information by seeing something, observing its color, shape, size, etc. This part of the information then enters the brain, forming new stimuli that promote the connection of neurons. Therefore, visual development and observation are very important in promoting the baby's brain development process, which can be said to be a basis for the brain to receive fresh stimulation. From this point of view, it is necessary to ensure the intake of lutein for children. Of course, "universal" breast milk still contains lutein, about 2ug (micrograms) per 100ml. Lutein is also commonly found in many fruits and vegetables. For example: carrots, leeks, cabbage, spinach and other vegetables; mangoes, grapes, oranges, kiwi fruit and other fruits... We can show off our cooking skills when we have time, and supplement our children with lutein. Mother C said that the critical period for a child's brain development is 0-3 years old. At this stage, the brain's absorptive capacity far exceeds our imagination. Therefore, the nutrients mentioned above are essential, and special attention should be paid to the diversity and nutritional balance of children's diets. In addition, sleep, exercise, parent-child interaction, etc. are all important factors that affect brain development. This means that while the child is eating well, he must at least sleep well and play well... If this is the case, what should we do?
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