Children's gastroenteritis is high in the changing seasons, parents should prevent and care in this way

time:2023-02-02 author:Maternal-Child Nursing
Children's gastroenteritis is high in the changing seasons, parents should prevent and care in this way

An 11-year-old girl traveled to Changsha with her parents, and the first stop was a night market street. Unexpectedly, the next day, the little girl developed symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and even convulsions in severe cases. After her parents rushed her to the hospital, she was diagnosed with systemic poisoning symptoms caused by acute gastroenteritis, which further caused brain dysfunction and even shock. It can be seen how dangerous the child gastroenteritis is. So, what exactly causes gastroenteritis in children? Because children's gastrointestinal function is still developing and their resistance is relatively poor, gastroenteritis is more likely to occur, which is mainly divided into infectious and non-infectious causes. Infectious causes are more common in bacterial and viral infections. They can enter your baby's gastrointestinal tract through different routes and then cause infection, leading to gastroenteritis in your baby. The more common are: pathogenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Zorovirus, Norovirus and Candida, Aspergillus and so on. The main way of infection is "disease from the mouth". For example, if a child's little hands come into contact with things with bacteria and viruses, and then eat food with their hands, these pathogens will reach the gastrointestinal tract along with gastrointestinal motility. It is also possible that when adults kiss the baby's cheek or mouth, they bring the pathogens they carry to the baby, and the pathogens enter the baby's body through the respiratory tract and ears.

There are many non-infectious reasons, the common ones are:

①Climate change, the weather suddenly turns cold, and the baby's belly gets cold And the weather suddenly becomes hot, resulting in the reduction of the secretion of the baby's digestive juice (digestive enzymes, stomach acid, etc.) or drinking more milk due to dry mouth. If the temperature difference is too large, the probability of suffering from acute gastroenteritis will also increase. ② The gastrointestinal tract of unscientifically-fed children is immature and delicate. The secretion of gastric acid and digestive enzymes is also lower than that of adults, and the enzyme activity is also low. Therefore, it is very sensitive to changes in the nature and quantity of food. If feeding is not scientific, gastrointestinal disorders are prone to occur. Such as irregular diet, improper diet (too much or too little meal), too much fatty food, too much seasoning of food, sudden replacement of complementary food, premature addition of a large amount of starchy food, etc., may cause the baby to develop acute Gastroenteritis. In addition, for young babies, non-breastfed babies are more likely to develop acute gastroenteritis than breastfed babies. Because breast milk contains a large amount of humoral immune factors such as lactoferrin and lysosomes, it has a strong anti-intestinal effect, and formula milk powder is difficult to replicate the above components during processing, and milk powder and feeding bottles are also susceptible to contamination.

Let's take a look at what are the main symptoms of gastroenteritis in children?

When a baby suffers from gastroenteritis, the symptoms will vary according to the severity of the condition, including vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, as well as fever, anorexia, headache, abdominal pain, and muscle aches. Among them, diarrhea is the most obvious symptom, that is, the frequency of defecation increases significantly and the character becomes thinner. Generally, babies with mild illness will have yellow or greenish-yellow stools and may have a small amount of mucus, while babies with severe illness will usually have a lot of watery stools, or even blood. If the child has acute gastroenteritis due to a viral infection, the stools are typically loose or watery. It can also cause fluid loss in the baby's body due to diarrhea and vomiting, and thus dehydration, especially children under the age of 2, are more prone to dehydration. Dehydration symptoms such as increased thirst, decreased urine output and dark yellow or brown urine, no tears when crying, cracked lips, lethargy, lethargy, and irritability may occur.

What should parents do if they find out that their baby has gastroenteritis?

Parents don't have to worry too much. Usually, babies with gastroenteritis can be cured in 1-2 weeks by symptomatic treatment: ①Prevent dehydration and pay attention to rehydration. When the baby has symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea, parents should It is necessary to pay attention to giving the baby fluids to prevent and correct dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, etc. The preferred liquid is oral rehydration salts. The common oral rehydration salts for babies on the market are the third-generation oral rehydration salts, namely ORS III. Parents can mix 1 sachet of powder with 250 mL of warm water and give it to the baby. If you don't have oral rehydration salts at home, you can use light saline instead. However, the concentration of homemade salt water is difficult to control, and the variety of electrolytes is not as complete as that of oral rehydration salts. ②Adjusting the diet to help restore the correct diet adjustment can give the child's gastrointestinal tract a rest, which is helpful for the recovery of gastroenteritis. Breastfed babies can be fed on demand. Breastfeeding mothers should also eat less high-fat diet to facilitate the baby's digestion. It is best for formula-fed babies to continue feeding formula every 3 hours, and do not deliberately dilute it. Children who have been supplemented with complementary foods or eat normally like adults, if there is no severe vomiting, can continue the normal diet before the illness to ensure sufficient energy intake, but do not eat high-sugar and greasy foods. ③ Seek medical attention in a timely manner and take scientific medication. If the baby's gastroenteritis symptoms do not improve after the above nursing care, or the baby has symptoms such as repeated fever, poor mental state, and obvious abdominal distension, they should be sent to the hospital for treatment in time.
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