The child's teeth are knocked out. Do these 3 steps, and the fallen teeth may "grow" back.

time:2023-03-20 author:Cry
The child's teeth are knocked out. Do these 3 steps, and the fallen teeth may "grow" back.

"The child fell and broke his tooth. What should I do?" This kind of information is often seen in the background. According to the International Dental Trauma Association, in the "Clinical Guidelines for Dental Trauma", oral trauma accounts for the highest proportion of all types of trauma, as high as 5%. According to statistics, 18% of all kinds of trauma of children in preschool belong to oral trauma. The most common oral injuries are maxillofacial injuries and dental injuries. Many parents often panic when their child suffers from dental trauma and do not know how to deal with it. Today, let's talk about what parents should do when their children accidentally knock their teeth.

What are the types of dental trauma in children?

Before we talk about dental trauma, let's first understand the structure of the lower teeth. Our teeth are divided into two parts: crown and root. The part that is exposed in the mouth, that is, the part that we need to brush when we usually brush our teeth, is the crown. The part that grows in the alveolar bone is the root of the tooth. The middle part of the tooth is our pulp cavity, which holds the pulp. As shown in the figure below: When a child's teeth are subjected to external forces, it will cause damage to the teeth, pulp, alveolar bone, and gums. Damaged teeth are mainly manifested as broken or cracked teeth, dislocation or loss. According to the different stages of tooth development when the child is injured, it can be divided into two types: deciduous tooth injury and permanent tooth injury. Injuries to deciduous teeth usually occur in preschool children. Because the roots of deciduous teeth are relatively short and stubby at birth, crown and root fractures are generally less likely to occur in traumatic deciduous teeth. However, the alveolar bone of deciduous teeth is relatively loose, so the trauma of deciduous teeth often manifests as tooth loosening and pain. At the same time, some children experience bleeding from the gingival sulcus. In addition, if the deciduous tooth is seriously injured, it may also affect the permanent tooth that has not erupted. Injury to permanent teeth usually occurs in school-age children. According to statistics, trauma to permanent teeth in children aged 7-10 accounts for 50%-70% of all permanent teeth trauma, and most of the injured teeth are incisors. Children with permanent tooth trauma usually have the following 5 conditions. · Fell, but the teeth look "alright". This condition is also known as dental shock. At the moment of the fall, your child's tooth may experience a percussion pain or mild discomfort. However, the examination revealed that the child's teeth were not significantly loose or displaced. In this case, no special treatment is required. However, if it is found that the child's occlusion is abnormal, it is recommended to take the child to the hospital for orthodontic treatment. ∙ The tooth is broken. In this case, the child's teeth may be subluxated, partially prolapsed, or laterally displaced. Subluxation refers to the fact that there is no obvious displacement of the teeth, but there is a loose phenomenon, which may be accompanied by bleeding from the gingival sulcus. Prolapse is when the root of a tooth breaks down from the alveolar bone, causing the injured tooth to be significantly longer than the other teeth. Lateral displacement refers to the lateral displacement of the root, often accompanied by alveolar bone damage. ∙ Broken tooth. In this case, the crown may be broken, the root may be broken, or both the crown and the root may be broken. ∙ The tooth fell out. That is, the crown and root of the tooth have been completely separated from the socket, and there are no teeth in the mouth. Often accompanied by alveolar bone fractures. ∙ The tooth is knocked in. Refers to the truncation of teeth into the alveolar bone. The injured tooth is significantly shorter than the other teeth, and in severe cases, the crown of the tooth may not be visible at all. No matter what type of dental trauma the child has, here, it is recommended that parents take their child to the hospital for examination in time, so as not to miss the best treatment time.

If a child's permanent tooth breaks or falls out, what should a parent do before taking the child to the hospital?

We all know that once a permanent tooth falls out, it will not regenerate. Therefore, when a child's permanent tooth is broken or falls out, the parent's coping method will directly affect whether the child's dropped tooth can be restored to its function. When parents find that their child's permanent teeth are broken or fallen out, they can prepare according to the following 3 steps before taking the child to the hospital. The first step is to appease the child and let the child calm down, so that the treatment can be better equipped. The second step is to find the broken or fallen tooth and gently pick up the tooth from the crown part, being careful not to touch the red root part. So as not to destroy the periodontal ligament cells that are still alive on the root of the tooth. If the fallen tooth is dirty, rinse it with running cold water for about 10 seconds. If the entire tooth is completely lost, the parent can put the tooth back into the child's socket if the child is willing to cooperate. And find a clean handkerchief or gauze for your child to bite on, which can help keep the teeth in place temporarily. For broken teeth, or teeth that cannot be put back into the socket because the child does not cooperate, parents can immerse the rinsed teeth in liquids such as saline or milk. You can also have your child hold it under the tongue. But be careful not to swallow your child's teeth by mistake. The third step, due to the best time for re-implantation of the fallen tooth, is within 30 minutes after the injury. Therefore, after completing the above two steps, parents should quickly take their children to the nearest hospital or clinic with dentistry.

How can I prevent dental trauma in my child?

To prevent the occurrence of dental trauma in children, parents can start from the following three aspects. Teach your child to be safe when walking. At the same time, parents should also do a good job of demonstrating, not to use mobile phones while walking. When the child performs some dangerous sports, in addition to wearing a sports helmet, the child can also wear a sports dental tray specially designed for sports training. When riding in a car, ask children to fasten their seat belts. For younger children, provide a dedicated child seat for the child. All in all, walking carefully, doing safety precautions, and preventing children from falling are the kingly way to avoid tooth trauma!
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