Whether the child is smart or not, see small hand movements, 0-12 months baby's fine motor development and training methods

time:2023-02-02 08:14:52source:monlittlebaby.com author:Maternal-Child Nursing
Whether the child is smart or not, see small hand movements, 0-12 months baby's fine motor development and training methods

The former Soviet Union psychologist V. A. Suhomlinsky said: Children's intellectual development is reflected in the fingertips. It is often heard that "ingenuity" means that children need to mobilize multiple functional areas of the brain when they move their hands. The completion of hand movements requires a certain degree of hand-eye coordination, and also involves the development of vision, hearing, and touch. At the same time, it constantly "stimulates signals" to the brain to promote connections between neurons, and the more connections, the better the development of the brain. clever. Derived from the fine motor of "Newborn Cerebral Cortex Development", it refers to the movement of hands and fingers, and the activities of hand-eye coordination to manipulate objects. In infants and young children, fine motor development is rapid, and the development is characterized by: starting from the overall movement of both upper limbs, gradually separating the independent movements of unilateral upper limbs, palms, and fingers, and with the participation and coordination of sensory perception, from "ambiguous" "Tendency movement" gradually formed "selective action with a clear purpose and a clear direction". In the process of hand fine motor promoting brain development, the signals are different in different age groups. Next, Jingma will talk about the fine motor development of the baby from 0-12 months and how parents can help the baby train.

1-3 months old: upper limb linkage stage

1 month old: grasping reflex is obvious, adults touch the baby's palm with their fingers , the baby will make a clenched fist. This is normal and is a primitive neonatal reflex. 2 months old: Put toys such as rattles and rattles into the baby's palm, and he can hold the handle for a few seconds. 3 months old: When the baby is lying down, he can put his hands on the midline of the chest and hold them together, showing the performance of watching and playing with his hands. [Training method]: ① Touch massage: After each bath, you can do the whole body touch, including the small hands; usually do hand massage training, gently massage the palm, stroking and kneading each finger. ② Don't wear gloves: Some parents are worried that their baby will scratch their face, so they will wear gloves for the baby, which is not only not conducive to the development of the hands, but may also be dangerous because the gloves thread ends around the fingers. Cut your nails frequently, wash your hands frequently, and be hygienic to avoid scratching yourself. ③ Toy stimulation: hand rattles, rattles, etc., at the beginning, adults shake it to the baby to exercise the development of vision and hearing; after the full moon, you can place the hand rattle in the baby's palm, exercise grasping, and perceive the sound when shaking.

4-6 months: palm movement is the main stage

4 months: put the rattle in the baby's hand, he will grasp, stare and actively rock few times. 5 months old: Can take the initiative to grasp nearby objects, mainly with the three tail fingers and palm to grasp. 6 months old: Can grasp larger objects with the radial side of the palm, and can handle and pick up a building block. [Training method]: ① Eating hands: At this stage, the baby likes to suck small hands, don't worry, this is a way for him to initially explore the world, just remember to wash your hands frequently. ② Touch different materials: You can let your baby touch soft saliva towels, toys of different materials, etc., to experience different touches. ③ Exercise active grasping: let the baby lie down or sit, and grab the toys and objects around. ④ Toy stimulation: such as music fitness rack, hand catching ball, etc.

7-9 months: finger movement is the main stage

7 months: when the baby is playing with a building block, he will take the second block in front at the same time . 8 months: Begins to use your thumb and other fingers to pinch smaller objects, such as small wooden balls. 9 months old: Can pinch small objects with thumb and index finger, and knock building blocks with both hands. [Training method]: ① Grab wooden beads: Prepare a small bowl and some colored wooden beads, let the baby practice grasping them, and train the flexibility of small muscle movements. ② Chasing bubbles: An adult blows bubbles, and another adult supports or holds the baby to chase and catch bubbles, so as to exercise visual tracking ability and movement coordination. ③ Cover the lid: Teach the child to open-close the lid of the box, then hide small items in the box, shake it for the baby, and then guide the baby to open the lid; you can also use the lids of different bottles as teaching materials later. ④ Educational toys: small drums (to develop the coordination of hand movements), finger and dial toys (such as toy telephones, beaded toys, building blocks, etc.), multi-faceted building block toys, etc.

10-12 months: hand-eye coordination early stage

10 months: baby can hold a string or rope with small hands and pull on a toy. 11 months old: Under the demonstration of an adult, can push the small toy car to move. 12 months: Self puts smaller items like popcorn into containers like cups or bowls. [Training method]: ① Point it out: When you accompany your baby to read picture books, you can guide your baby to point out familiar objects or animals, see family photos, and let your baby point out different family members. You can also ask your baby to point out his favorite toys, His commonly used items, take the baby out to play, can point out the car, the big tree, etc. ② Educational toys: such as percussion instruments, multi-faceted block toys, etc., can train the fine motor skills of the hands. Finally, I recommend a 0-2 year old baby early education column for mothers who are troubled by early education: "0-24 month baby development characteristics and early education guide". In the form of video, it will explain in detail what abilities, development indicators, early education focuses and methods, toy recommendations, etc. the baby has on a monthly basis. It is detailed and systematic. Parents can do early education exercises for their babies at home according to their own needs. share. What are the toys your baby often plays with during the first year of life? Which is your favorite toy? All are welcome to share and recommend.
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