The number of ancient poetry and prose in primary schools has skyrocketed by 80%, and it is time to learn classical Chinese well from preschool age

time:2022-10-02 03:20:23source:monlittlebaby.com author:Sneeze
The number of ancient poetry and prose in primary schools has skyrocketed by 80%, and it is time to learn classical Chinese well from preschool age

C Mom CE Parent School These few days, the weather at night has become a lot more comfortable, and the number of old mothers taking their children downstairs has also increased significantly. The children were running and playing together, and there was a group of old mothers left, who were also chatting without a word... During this period, I heard a mother say: "My child's teacher's homework is really strange, so that the second grade of elementary school is so amazing. Children in grades recite the Three-Character Classic. Those who do not understand it, children of this size simply don’t understand, what’s the point of reciting it!” Indeed, ancient texts are indeed difficult for young children. However, although it is difficult for children to learn, the benefits of small ancient prose to children are not as simple as memorizing a paragraph of unintelligible words. The benefits of learning a small ancient prose 1. Helping children improve their memory We all know that ancient prose is generally flat and rhymed: for example: disciple rules, sage teachings. The first is filial piety, the second is sincere. Pan-loving, and kind-hearted. If you have spare energy, study literature. Such text is catchy to read and is perfect for memorization. Psychologists point out that human memory develops the fastest in childhood and adolescence, reaching its peak at the age of 13. Teaching children to memorize ancient prose with strong sense of rhythm, short and rich connotation from an early age is beneficial to enhance children's memory. 2. Helping children to expand their knowledge The ancient poems and prose condense the excellent traditional culture that has been passed down for thousands of years in my country. It not only has a long charm, but also has a very rich connotation. For example: "Return to Zhao after the Complete Bi", the He's jade originally belonged to the State of Zhao, and the State of Zhao did not want to give it to the King of Qin. : "April in the world is exhausted, and peach blossoms in mountain temples begin to bloom" is related to the vertical zone in terms of geography; these can greatly enrich children's knowledge reserves. 3. Helping children improve their writing skills We all know that when writing essays, appropriate citations can play the role of finishing touch and make the writing more outstanding, which can add a lot of points. Moreover, the child's language is still in the developmental stage. As the saying goes, if the garden is full of flowers, the weeds will have nowhere to live. What kind of language the child is exposed to, what kind of language will be used in the future. For example: after he has read "Luo Xia and Lonely Birds fly together, the autumn water is the same color as the sky", when he sees the beautiful scenery again, he will not be a dry "Ah~ It's beautiful!" 4 It can cultivate good qualities in children The so-called belly has the spirit of poetry and literature, and the temperament of children who insist on reading ancient texts since childhood is more outstanding. For example, he has read "Do not do to others what you don't want to do to yourself", and he will know that you can't let others do what you don't like; "carrying things" will know that a person should be self-reliant and self-reliant, and should pay attention to virtue. He has read "Perseverance, Gold and Stone can be carved" and he will know that as long as he perseveres, he will always succeed! Learning small ancient prose not only has many benefits for children, but it is also an inevitable move. The necessity of the second study of small ancient prose has come closer: since the curriculum reform in 2017, the number of ancient poetry and prose in grades 1-6 has increased to 124, and the number of selected ancient poetry and prose has increased by nearly 80%! Going a long way to say: the topic of classical Chinese is also very important in the college entrance examination. However, many people think that learning ancient Chinese is to understand the meaning word by word, to understand the real, functional words, knowledge of classical Chinese, the use of parts of speech, and the use of false words... These knowledge points must be mastered by children in middle and high school. Our children I'm still young, if you talk about it when you come up, I'm afraid your child will already hate it before he learns it. Moreover, the meaning of ancient texts to children in preschool and even lower grades is not to let them outrun other children, but to accumulate and nurture. So how do you learn it? Let's talk about it in detail today. 3. How to learn How to learn small ancient prose for children is divided into two steps: NO.1 Choose an article suitable for the age/level of the child ! Ancient Chinese is indeed not simple, so if we want children to learn willingly, we still have to give them some routines. When you first get in touch, you can choose some stories, short stories with simple sentences. For example: This "Opening the World" is not so much a small ancient text as it is a fairy tale. Before reading with CC, I asked her, do you know how the heaven and the earth came to be? No one is free from gossip. When I said this, I immediately aroused CC's curiosity. She was anxious to know the result, and naturally she took the initiative to find it in the article. There is no child who doesn't love listening to stories, and starting with something your child loves is the most effective way to generate learning initiative. Only by stimulating the inner interest in learning can the inner motivation of autonomous learning be generated, thereby increasing the learning efficiency. The same is true for letting children learn classical Chinese. First use a short story to arouse their interest in order to give them the inner motivation to continue. You can also choose some stories that your child has read in the vernacular: for example: "Cao Chong Claims to Be an Elephant", "Buying a Tender to Return a Pearl", "Waiting for the Rabbit", "Mending the Prison"... You can also choose some idiom stories that the child has learned and heard of: such as: "Hidden's Ears and Stealing Bells", "Fighting Grass to Frighten Snakes", "Chicken and Dogs Restless", "Smart Strategies"... Moreover, the difficulty of small ancient stories is relatively small for children. Take this "Opening the World" as an example: Pangu is in it, and it changes nine times a day. God is in heaven, holy in earth. The sky is ten feet high, the earth is ten feet thick, and Pangu is ten feet long. Every sentence is very simple, and there are no difficult words to understand. Children can basically understand the meaning of the article by reading. Children have a sense of accomplishment when they read, and the learning of ancient prose can go on more smoothly. Advanced version, you can take your child to read the original "Four Classics" together. Some people may think that it is a bit difficult for children to read the original book, but if they read it in the vernacular, it is indeed not easy. However, if everyone regards it as an ancient text, is it not that difficult? Because the "Four Great Classics" was originally in a period of language transition, in fact, the "Four Great Classics" is a mixture of vernacular and ancient texts. Didn't someone say: the four famous works, they are neither ancient nor vernacular, but the "popular language" of the people. At that time, it seemed that such a language might be a bit different, but it was more suitable to be used to enlighten children in classical Chinese. For example, this passage in "Journey to the West": On the top of that mountain, there is a fairy stone. The stone is three feet six feet five inches high, and has a circle of twenty feet and four feet. The height of three feet six feet five inches is three hundred and sixty-five degrees according to the Zhoutian; There are nine orifices and eight holes on it, according to the nine palaces and gossip. There are no trees on all sides for shade, and there are Zhilan on the left and right. Since the opening of Gai, every time he is naive and beautiful, the essence of the sun and the moon is beautiful. From this passage, we can see that the four famous novels are not difficult to understand. Children seem to be able to understand everything, but they want to make the meaning clear and clear. It's not easy either. Therefore, reading the original works of "Four Famous Novels" is not only a sense of accomplishment, but also a certain challenge for children. It was originally a novel, and the plot in it also has a certain appeal to children. It is an excellent reading for children to learn ancient Chinese, and they also read famous books along the way. Kill two birds with one stone! NO.2 Reciting This one has nothing to say, just read it. There is an old saying: read a book a hundred times, and its meaning will manifest itself. Although, for children, its meaning may not be self-evident, but simply for learning ancient prose, reading is the basic and most efficient way. Take the three-character classic we mentioned at the beginning, even if a child talks about it for a long time, he does not know the meaning of it, and it is not meaningless to the child. When CC first recited the Three Character Classic, I even felt that when she was free, she could use it as a nursery rhyme. why? Because it's really easy to read, without extra punctuation, the child can read it well on his own. There is another layer. After all, it is an ancient text. Although the sentence structure is simple, the expression form is actually similar to those long-form articles. Such a small ancient text, which is both simple and ancient, is perfect for cultivating children's sense of language. A language can only be developed accurately when it is read enough. Just like when we learn English, repeated reading and recitation is definitely the premise of understanding and output.
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