Lymph node swelling and lymphoma

time:2022-12-05 author:Diet
Lymph node swelling and lymphoma

Many parents are very nervous about having a swollen pouch on their child's neck or back of the head. Although most of the pouches are told by doctors as "reactive lymph node enlargement", very few of them are manifestations of lymphoma. So what kind of lymph nodes need to be vigilant about?

First, let's understand lymphoma

Lymphoma is a malignant tumor of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of our body's immune system and it performs a very important function. Lymphoma cancer occurs when some lymphocytes mutate and grow wildly. These abnormal cells can replace normal lymphocytes and cause problems. Lymphoma is one of the most common pediatric malignancies.

Types of Lymphoma

Lymphoma is mainly divided into "Hodgkin's Lymphoma" and "Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma". The former has a five-year survival rate of as high as 98% in patients under the age of 20, and the latter is about 90%.

Risk factors for lymphoma cancer

  • more common in men
  • Infected with EB virus
  • HIV-infected
  • Patients with immune system diseases, such as: lupus erythematosus, etc.
  • immunocompromised patients
  • patients requiring long-term immunosuppressive therapy after organ transplantation
  • Siblings with lymphoma, etc.

Common symptoms of lymphoma

  • One ​​or more swollen lymph nodes, commonly found in the neck, underarms, and base of the thighs; these lymph nodes are not painful, are hard to the touch, do not roll to the touch, and are not localized with redness or warmth
  • Unexplained fever, often chronic or recurrent
  • Night sweating
  • Poor appetite or weight loss
  • Coughing or difficulty breathing
  • abdominal swelling, etc.
  • < h1 class="pgc-h-arrow-right">Diagnosis of lymphomaA doctor usually needs to do a biopsy of the lymph nodes, which is to take some lymph node tissue to see if there are malignant cells. A bone marrow aspirate may also be done to check for example a bone marrow or cerebrospinal fluid aspirate. A series of imaging tests are also needed to determine the stage and progression of the cancer, which are important for subsequent treatment and prognosis.

    Lymphoma treatment

    Treatments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, and CAR-T cell therapy.

    Lymphoma Prognosis

    Although lymphoma is a malignant tumor, the curative effect in children is very good. The cure rate depends on the type and stage of the tumor. Anyway, the prognosis is very good. Hodgkin lymphoma can be as high as 98%, and the prognosis of other types is also higher than that of other malignant tumors. So if you see a small bag growing on your child's body, especially if it feels hard, doesn't roll, and doesn't hurt, you should pay attention to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Not all swollen lymph nodes are lymphoma, but some common sense is necessary.
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