This point that is easily overlooked in sensory integration training is the key to affecting the baby's motor development and brain development

time:2023-02-03 09:57:43source:monlittlebaby.com author:Sneeze
This point that is easily overlooked in sensory integration training is the key to affecting the baby's motor development and brain development

Recently, on the backstage of the official account, I saw a mother ask: "My baby's limbs are not coordinated, is it a sensory integration disorder?" The word sensory integration disorder was once a source of anxiety for mothers. ● Slow language development, sensory integration disorder? ● Unwilling to step on the mud with bare feet and unwilling to wear a hat is a sensory disorder? ● Timid, crying is a sensory integration disorder? But the more you know, the more you will find that many so-called sensory disorders are only exaggerated and generalized by some early education institutions. Simply put, babies with sensory integration disorders may have the above manifestations, but it does not mean that they have sensory integration disorders. So many times, we are overly anxious. Of course, that doesn't mean sensory integration isn't important. Sensory integration is the combination of sensory information such as vision, hearing, smell, taste, touch (pressure), proprioception, vestibular sense, etc., which are integrated through the brain to complete responses to perceptions outside the body. For example, we walk around obstacles (vision), cover our ears (hearing) when the sound is too loud, throw away a cup that is too hot (tactile), etc. These are all processes of the sensory processing system. The sensory training we have always talked about before is actually preparing for the formation of sensory integration. Speaking of, audio-visual touch... These are all familiar to us, and we all know more or less about how to help babies exercise. But one of them, relative to vision and hearing, etc., is hidden deeply and easily overlooked. It is vestibular sense. Today, let's talk about it. 01What is the vestibular system and what does it do? I am sure that many moms may have also heard the term vestibular system. So, what is a vestibule? The vestibule is located in the inner ear of the human being, that is, the position of the back of our head close to the ear, including the three semicircular canals, the utricle and the balloon. The function of the vestibule, in simple terms, is to receive the information in front of the face (including sight, hearing, taste, smell, touch), and then transmit it to the vestibular nucleus, which filters the information and then transmits it to the brain. To give a simple example: when the baby is crawling, he finds that there is a wall in front of him, this visual information will be received by the vestibule, and then transmitted to the brain, and the brain will transmit information at this time - adjusting the head and body. position to maintain balance and avoid walls. Just imagine, if there is a problem with this system, will the baby "hit the wall"? The vestibular system also facilitates the development of your baby's gross motor development, from raising the head or arms to rolling over, sitting, and especially crawling, standing, and walking. Existing research has proved that: increasing the stimulation of the vestibular system can advance the development of movements such as sitting, crawling, standing, and walking. In addition, the vestibular system also maintains emotional stability. If the vestibular function is abnormal, the child is likely to be impetuous, bad tempered, and difficult to cooperate with others in the future. At the same time, vestibular sense can also help the baby to concentrate, which is good for the development of the child's concentration and other abilities in the future. It is conceivable that the importance of the vestibular system is self-evident. To make the vestibular system work, we need to exercise our children. If you let the baby develop freely, it is likely to lead to the backwardness or underdevelopment of the vestibular system. Why do you say that? Because when the baby is born, the vestibular system is almost completely undeveloped. During the 9 months of being a fetus, the child has no chance to sense balance and activate vestibular function in the non-gravity environment of amniotic fluid. The later development is further behind, which means that the child's balance ability is unbalanced, which may cause instability in walking and running, easy to fall, restless and irritable, etc., that is, the child's limb incoordination mentioned at the beginning. If it is more serious, the child cannot concentrate, is aggressive, affects interpersonal relationships, and even affects brain development, language ability, and logical ability. 02How to exercise the function of the vestibular system? The science is over! Mother C is about to serve dry goods! Again, for children, games are always the best way~ I will share with you a few small games suitable for children aged 0-3 to play at home, which can effectively exercise the functions of the vestibule system~ 1. Riding Malaysia This is a game suitable for small month old babies. It can be played after the head is relatively stable, and the off-the-ground game can make the baby feel balanced. After lying on the ground, the adult bends his feet, the calf is parallel to the ground, and the child lies on the calf. Adults can gently rock their legs or jolt them up and down to make the baby feel like they're riding a horse and feel the rhythm. After the baby is 6 months old, you can change the way of playing. The adults keep sitting and let the baby sit on our lap, shaking and shaking. You can let your baby face us for a while and then turn away from us. When the baby is older, you can play "riding a big horse" in the true sense. Everyone in the picture above will be familiar with it. This is also a good opportunity to enhance the parent-child relationship! This game can make children feel the changes of body position and balance in a small way. Trust me, they'll never get tired of it, CC and DD are a good example. 2. Shake and shake the towel boat Find a long towel/blanket/sheet, and let the child lie on his/her stomach/back on the towel. Mom and Dad grab the 4 corners of the sheet and shake it up and down. You can read in your mouth, "The towel boat shakes, the towel boat shakes, the towel boat shakes and crosses the waves, shakes to the left, shakes to the right, rushes in front, drags behind, goes up and crosses the waves, and comes down to touch the small rocks. "What do you read, it's nothing, it's mainly to increase the fun~ DD likes this game very much, every time he sees us sorting the sheets and other things that can be used as "boats", he will climb up and lie down, with a face "I'm ready" , it's time to start", asking us to shake it. Once shaken, the child is having fun, and can adjust the balance function of the vestibule and improve the sense of proprioception. Why not do it? 3. Variety Carton The reason why it is called "Variety" is because this game has too many ways to play. What my two kids have played with are: How to play 1: Prepare a relatively sturdy cardboard box, entice the baby to climb into the cardboard box, "This is the baby's home", and let him sit and stand while standing. How to play 2: When the baby puts the toys into the big carton, you can teach the baby to push the big carton, "Di Di Di, the big truck is coming, the delivery is coming". How to play 3: Remove the cover and bottom of the big carton (you need an oversized carton here), like a cave, children aged 0-3 can drill a tunnel, and children aged 2-6 can kneel side by side with their parents in the carton in the same direction , the two faced the inner wall of the carton and crawled forward at the same time, just like the big wheels were turning. Anything like that is possible. Our original intention is to use a narrow space to enhance children's curiosity, exercise vestibular sense and enhance proprioception. It can also improve the baby's spatial awareness and sense of direction, and this will make the baby's mood more stable, which can be regarded as a small surprise. 4. Step on the stone When playing this game, you need to design a scene mode for the child. My usual setting is: stepping on stones to cross the river. You know, stepping on the target point to move is a good way to exercise your child's balance and coordination ability. The stones can be replaced with colored paper and cut into circles, or if there are props such as semi-spheres at home, it is better, and small bowls are also acceptable, but be sure to pay attention to non-slip. We can tell the child: "Now there is a small river in front of us. We have to step on the stones to get to the other side of the river. If we can't step on it, we will fall into the river and start over." At the beginning, we can hold the baby's hand together. Go, let him try it himself after he is familiar with it. If the child is not too afraid, he can put some toys or food he likes on the opposite side to encourage him. Mother C said that I believe that most mothers usually take their children to do a lot of ability exercises. But because the vestibule is too small and hidden from us, it is always easy to overlook. This article is to tell mothers that vestibular training is also critical to the growth and development of children. If the vestibular system is not well developed, it will also have a great impact on the child. Instead of taking this risk, spend a few minutes a day playing with your child. It can not only help him effectively, but also add more parent-child fun. Don't look at these games that look very much like our daily life with babies, but they are designed for children's vestibular training. CD Parents: Promoter of the "Chinese Parents Learning Program", C Dad - Master of China Medical University, doctor in a tertiary hospital; C Mom - Editor-in-chief of newspaper parenting, author of "Good Parents Only Good Education". Raise the CC&DD siblings, popularize infant feeding, sleep, disease, and psychological knowledge for public welfare, let more parents join the scientific parenting team, avoid detours together, and be "good parents in China" together! Original public account "CD Mom and Dad" (ID: cdbama)
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