Developmental Indicators for 1-2 Year Olds

time:2023-02-03 author:Baby bones
Developmental Indicators for 1-2 Year Olds

If you take care of and accompany your baby every day, you may feel that time flies by so fast. In just a blink of an eye, your baby will be 1 year old. At this time, not only will he be able to stand, eat solid food, and the number of words he knows will gradually increase, but also his pronunciation will also be improved. Progress slowly. Language and cognition play an important role in the development of babies from 1 to 2 years old. If they understand how to guide children, they can demonstrate language skills earlier or more courageously. The most important thing in learning a language is to use it frequently and stay in the language environment often so as to avoid the decline of language ability. The development indicators of children's learning ability at various stages can be mainly divided into four categories: gross motor, fine motor, language and cognition, and social interaction. In the stage of 0 to 1 year old, the baby has the most obvious progress in gross and fine movements, including learning to crawl, roll, stand, pick or grasp objects and so on. At the age of 1 to 2 years, the baby's ability to control muscles will continue to improve and begin to learn to climb stairs or run, but most people are most concerned about the development of their baby's language skills, and some parents will begin to consider whether to adopt bilingualism. Education, such as couples using different languages ​​to speak to the baby, hope that the baby's bilingual ability can take root early. The following is a list of the development indicators of the baby from 1 to 2 years old, and introduces the way to guide the baby to speak. Developmental milestones at different stages of the baby

1 year old

Judging from the developmental progress of a 1-year-old baby, it is usually not a problem to stand on his own, and some babies even You can also walk a few steps on your own. In addition, the baby can also perform more subtle or complex movements, such as helping an adult to put on and take off clothes, or holding a cup to drink water, etc. In the cognitive and language development section, babies will use tapping, shaking, slapping or throwing to observe objects around them or in their hands, and they can also understand simple commands such as "Go wash your hands" or "Put the toys away" Pick it up" and so on, shaking his head to say no. It is worth mentioning that although the pronunciation is still not standard, the baby has been able to say "Dad" and "Mama", and will use different tones to imitate the parents' speech. Although children become active in conversation after the age of 1, they are more likely to be afraid or shy when facing strangers, and may feel uncomfortable and cry if familiar faces such as father or mother are not around.

1 and a half years old

Babies at this stage can walk very well on their own, and can even climb stairs or jog by themselves , or pulling a toy car or other toys that can be dragged around, although it may seem like nothing, but this means that the baby can perform gross and fine movements at the same time, which is an obvious indicator of progress. Although clumsy and slow, the baby is now able to put on and take off shoes or clothes on his own, and can use a spoon to eat and a cup to drink properly. The baby's language ability will be improved because of the number of words, and he can say the names of objects in toys or picture books, such as cars, houses, ducks, cats, dogs, etc. which, and point to the correct location when the adult speaks the name. In addition, babies in this period will doodle randomly on paper with a pen. In the social interaction part, babies like to imitate adults, such as holding a feeding bottle and pretending to feed a doll and drinking milk, and they will also explore the surrounding environment with the company of their mother, but sometimes you see the baby playing well, but suddenly burst into tears Throwing away the toy means that the baby will also start to lose his temper at this stage, venting strong emotions that cannot be resolved.

2 years old

is not difficult for a 2 year old to tiptoe, go up and down stairs, and run, as you may see He runs around the house energetically, climbing up and down. In order to prevent them from accidentally falling or bumping into things, it is recommended to wrap the corners of the table in the home with anti-collision stickers, or when the baby is often active The space is paved with soft pads and clever fights to reduce the damage of the baby's bump. Now the baby can understand more complex commands, such as "back the chair and wash your hands" or "pick up the scraps of paper and throw them in the trash". Babies will also have more concepts about shapes and colors, and can classify them. For example, some toys will guide the baby to put blocks of different shapes into the spaces of the shape, and 2-year-olds can do this very well. it is good. In addition, as their language skills continue to improve, they begin to use two or more nouns to express their meaning more precisely, and they begin to add parts of speech other than nouns. In terms of social interaction, the 2-year-old baby likes to play with his friends, and starts to become "disobedient", and may resist what his mother wants him to do, but also because the baby becomes more independent and needs your assistance. decreased.

How to teach a 1-year-old to speak?

At the stage of 1-year-old baby's learning development, most babies can start to say words other than mom and dad, and the best way to train your baby's speaking skills is to talk to your baby more, even if the baby doesn't respond to you , but he can still learn new words and pronunciations from what you say. It is suggested that mothers can use the way of live report to tell the baby what you are doing. If you are helping the baby dress, you can talk to the baby. The baby said, "Mom needs to help you get dressed first. After the clothes are on, then put on the pants, and the feet will be cold too! Then put on the socks!" In addition, taking the baby out is also a great opportunity to talk to the baby , For example, there are many amusement facilities, small animals and plants in the park, etc. You can slowly introduce the names of these things to your baby and expand your baby's small vocabulary library. The necessity of bilingual teaching for babies Some parents will buy English teaching audio-visual teaching materials for their babies, but in fact, the effect is very poor. Studies have pointed out that the language development of 1-2 year olds is based on interaction with people. It is futile to try to let the baby take root in bilingual ability early by watching or listening to English textbooks. In this case, what if one parent speaks Chinese and the other speaks English to interact with the child? If both parents speak their own mother tongue, it is indeed possible to create a bilingual environment for the baby to learn, but if one person speaks two languages ​​at the same time, or is not proficient in one of the languages, it may not be effective. However, no research has pointed out that children receiving two languages ​​will lead to language confusion, but it is certain that babies in a bilingual environment will progress at a slower rate than babies in a single language environment. After all, they have to learn at the same time. Two languages, it takes a lot of time to understand and integrate. In addition, research has also found that even if the baby is stimulated by a bilingual environment at an early age, if he does not use another language frequently during the growth process, he still cannot reach the level of a native speaker. Therefore, the most important thing to learn a language is to use it often. Often in this language environment, in order to avoid language deterioration. As for whether to let the baby receive bilingual teaching at an early age, it is a matter of opinion. If parents really have the time and ability to establish a bilingual environment and allow their children to be stimulated by different languages, it will indeed be helpful for the children to learn languages ​​in the future.
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