Reasons for adding complementary food to infants

time:2022-12-05 04:26:26source:monlittlebaby.com author:Common phenomenon
Reasons for adding complementary food to infants

First, what is complementary food, also known as weaning food, weaning food, and weaning period food, refers to the food added during the transition from pure breast milk or formula milk feeding to the adult diet. Reasons for adding complementary food: 1. Milk can no longer meet the baby's growth needs, and prepare for "weaning" 3. To train swallowing ability, from accustomed to sucking milk to eating solid food close to adults, the baby needs a gradual adaptation process. From sucking to chewing and swallowing, the baby needs to learn another way of eating, which usually takes half a year or more. 4. Cultivate chewing ability. As the baby grows, his dental mucous membrane becomes hard. Especially after the teeth grow, if he is given soft semi-solid food in time, he will learn to chew food with his gums or teeth. The development of masticatory function is conducive to jaw development and the eruption of deciduous teeth. Signs of supplementary food addition: 1. The ability to straighten the neck independently, which is convenient for eating solid food; 2. The tongue-lifting reaction disappears; 3. When you see adults eating, you will drool or be more interested; 4. The weight has reached twice the birth weight, At least 6 kg; 5. Increase the number of breastfeeding times to 8 to 10 times a day or feed 1000 ml of formula milk, but the baby is still hungry. The principles of supplementary food addition: 1. The supplementary food added must be adapted to the baby's age; 2. From one to multiple; 3. From thin to thick; rice juice -- rice paste -- thick porridge -- soft rice. 4. From small to coarse; Precautions for the production of complementary food: 1. It is advisable to choose fresh, easily boiled and chewable food. For example, choose fresh green leafy vegetables, and choose marine fish or freshwater fish with less thorny flesh, such as cod and salmon. 2. The cooking methods are mostly boiled and steamed. Take special care not to treat infants and toddlers with the tastes of adults. 3. In the cooking process, pay attention to the collocation of various dishes, pay attention to color, aroma, taste, shape, and stimulate children's appetite. The variety of food should be changed frequently to arouse children's interest, freshness and willingness to try. 4. In the production and cooking of food, in addition to emphasizing a balanced diet, seasonal characteristics should also be considered. Seasonal complementary food addition features: Spring: children grow fast, eat more calcium-rich, protein-rich foods, such as milk, dried shrimps, meat and bone stewed soybean soup, etc., to promote the growth of infant bones; summer: eat more refreshing foods, such as Melons and fruits, such as wax gourd, bitter gourd, tomatoes, lilies, etc.; Autumn: eat more foods that nourish yin and moisten dryness, such as water chestnuts, lotus root, taro, yam, etc.; Protein foods such as mutton, duck, sweet potatoes, red dates, walnuts, radishes, etc. Carrot juice: Raw materials: 1 carrot Method: Peel the carrots and cut them into slices; stir fry them in oil for a while, then put them in a steamer; steam them on high heat for about 8 minutes, until the carrots are soft and rotten; put them in a blender, add a little water , beat into carrot soup; sieve the carrot soup, filter out the juice, and feed it to the baby with a small spoon. Efficacy: Helps improve human immunity, prevent colds; promote healthy growth of bones and teeth; contribute to good visual function. 7 to 9 months - the baby grinds food with the tongue and then swallows, that is, the tongue grinding period. In addition to continuing to familiarize himself with the new taste and feeling of various foods, the texture and particle size of the food should be gradually changed, gradually changing from mushy food. Transition to toddler solid foods to match your baby's developing feeding skills and gastrointestinal function. Tofu and egg yolk puree: Raw materials: 1 egg yolk, 100 grams of tofu Method: blanched tofu, ground into puree; cooked egg yolk ground into puree; mixed tofu puree and egg yolk puree in a bowl and stirred evenly Effect: Calcium, iron, zinc and selenium puzzle Bunao Mixed Vegetable Egg Noodles: Ingredients: beans, okra, broccoli, carrots, pumpkin, noodles 10 to 12 months - the baby gradually learns to chew and really enters the chewing period; at this stage, not only the nutritional needs of the baby must be met , but also continue to exercise the baby's chewing ability to promote the development of chewing muscles, the eruption of teeth and the normal development and shaping of the jaw, as well as the improvement of gastrointestinal function and digestive enzyme activity. At this time, the baby's food should be changed from thick porridge to soft rice; from rotten noodles to steamed buns, dumplings, and steamed buns; from minced vegetables and minced meat to minced vegetables and minced meat. Fresh meat wonton blunt: Materials: 1 spoon of fresh minced meat, a little salt, a little minced green onion, 6 small wonton wrappers, a little seaweed. Method: Mix minced meat, salt, and chopped green onion into a meat filling, and wrap the meat filling in a wonton wrapper. Cook the wontons in the broth and sprinkle with nori before serving. Assorted salad: Ingredients: boiled eggs, diced cooked ham, diced carrots, diced cooked potatoes, an appropriate amount of original salad, and a little olive oil Method: Cut the eggs into 1cm cubes; put all the ingredients together in a large bowl and stir well. Minced Pork Noodles in Tomato Sauce: Ingredients: noodles, broth, tomatoes, eggplant, minced pork, garlic supplementary food add jingle:
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