Infant work and rest arrangement and habit cultivation, infant sleep habits cultivation, three-bath exercise

time:2022-12-05 06:27:37source:monlittlebaby.com author:Emergency treatment
Infant work and rest arrangement and habit cultivation, infant sleep habits cultivation, three-bath exercise

1. The relationship between reasonable work and rest and the growth and development of infants and young children: it is conducive to the development of infants and young children's brain cells, and sleep is conducive to the growth of infants and young children's height. Every night from 22:00 to early morning is the peak secretion volume. 20% 40% of the whole day can reach this level after 1 hour of deep sleep into good living habits. 2) Reasonable arrangement of the diet of infants and young children can ensure that infants and young children obtain adequate nutrition and sleep safety for infants and young children, and carefully observe the sleep status of infants and young children. 3) Arrangements are made according to the physiological characteristics of infants and young children of different months and ages. 4) According to the characteristics of the season, the nights in winter are long, so you can arrange to go to bed earlier at night, and the days in summer are long, and you can go to bed later in the evening. 5) It is necessary to combine dynamic and static activities, mental and physical strength, indoor and outdoor combination, 3. Cultivation of good eating habits and matters needing attention: matters needing attention: the eating environment should not be too noisy, so as not to affect the mood of eating, it is best to feed it at one time When full, do not take too long at one time, and do not keep it in your mouth. The eating position should be fixed, and do not eat while walking. 4. Points and precautions for training infants and young children to use tableware: Notes: Before eating, infants and young children should wash their hands. The tableware should be safe, non-toxic, small and exquisite and not easy to break; teach Infants and young children should be careful when eating to avoid accidents, especially when they start training with chopsticks. 5. The development of good sleep in infants and young children: 1. Enough sleep is one of the primary conditions for the healthy growth of infants and young children. 2) The consumption of oxygen and energy during sleep is the least, which is conducive to eliminating fatigue. 3) The pituitary gland of infants and young children is during sleep. The secreted growth hormone is increased by 3 times compared with the awake state, which is beneficial to the growth and development of infants and young children. , to help infants and young children to build self-confidence 2) to cultivate good bowel and bladder habits of infants and young children, is conducive to helping infants and young children to establish a healthy behavior and lifestyle. 3) Cultivate regular bowel movements in infants and young children, which can establish a series of field reflexes in the brain and improve the working efficiency of the body to ensure good work of various organs and rest. The importance of good sleep for babies 1 , Puzzle: Sleep is to give the brain sufficient rest time. Sleep has a very good effect on children's memory, creativity, and mental state. 2. Promote growth and development: 70% of growth hormone is secreted during deep sleep at night. The standard of adequate sleep for infants is to wake up naturally in the morning and be in a good state of mind. Energetic, lively and active, with normal appetite. Weight and height can be increased at a normal growth rate. Create a good sleeping environment: the environmental conditions of the bedroom: the room is quiet, the light is soft, the temperature is suitable, and the ventilation keeps the air fresh; choose a suitable bed for the baby, preferably a wooden bed, to ensure the normal development of the baby's spine; Personal hygiene before going to bed, bathing and massaging the baby will help the baby to fall asleep better; eat and drink well before going to bed, urinate once, change diapers, and burp well; maintain a good sleeping posture, do not cover your head, do not Pacifiers, no quilt bites, and fingers; do not do strenuous exercise before going to bed to avoid getting too excited; use fixed music or storytelling before going to bed to hypnotize to sleep; for infants and young children who are disturbed sleep, find the cause, find the problem, and deal with it in time. Three-bath exercise Three-bath: Air bathing, sunbathing and water bathing are a good way to use nature to exercise for babies. It is the most basic method of baby health care. It is convenient, practical, simple and easy to operate. The scientific three-bath can stimulate the skin, adjust the function of the internal organs, enhance the resistance of the baby, and achieve the purpose of enhancing the baby's physique and improving the resistance to diseases. 1. Water bath Because the heat transfer ability of water is stronger than that of air, warm water bath can improve the skin's ability to adapt to changes in cold and heat, promote metabolism, increase appetite, and is conducive to sleep and growth and development. Water bath exercise methods generally use the three methods of scrubbing, showering and swimming. The room temperature is above 20°C, the water temperature is 38°C, and the time in the water is 7-12 minutes. At the same time, the water can be continuously heated to maintain the temperature. The benefits of infant swimming: Infant swimming training is not only the contact between the skin and water, but the comprehensive information transmission of vision, hearing, touch, kinesthetic, and balance, causing a series of reactions in the whole body, which can eliminate loneliness, Fear and anxiety, comprehensively promote the development of baby's physical, intellectual and emotional intelligence. Children who participate in baby swimming generally crawl early, respond quickly, and have strong language, cognition, and communication skills. Second, sunbathing (1) the benefits of sunbathing 1, is conducive to the visual development of newborns. 2. It is conducive to the growth of the newborn's body. 3. Bright light can improve mother's good mood and not easy to fatigue. 4. It is convenient to observe whether the baby has skin jaundice or other conditions. (2) Sunbathing time 1. Before 9-10 am, it is the best time for newborns to bathe in the sun. In this time period, the infrared rays are strong and the ultraviolet rays are weak, which can promote metabolism. 2. The ultraviolet rays at 4-5 pm X-rays have many components, which can promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine, enhance physical fitness, and promote normal calcification of bones. Special reminder: sunbathing is the main measure to prevent rickets, and it can be carried out after the baby is full month. It is not advisable to "sunbath" on an empty stomach or within 1 hour after a meal, and you should replenish water in time after sunbathing. Sunbathing method: The newborn starts indoors first, and can be carried out in the following order. 1. In the first 2 to 3 days, it can be sunbathing from the toes to the knees for about 5 to 10 minutes. 2. Then expand the range from the knee to the base of the thigh. 3. After removing the diaper, it can be exposed to the navel for 2 to 3 consecutive days, and the time is about 15 to 20 minutes. 4. Finally, the back can be increased for about 30 minutes. Precautions: 1. Do not let the sun shine directly on the baby's eyes. 2. Pay attention to the baby's reaction during "sunbathing". If you find that you are sweating profusely, your face is red, or you have skin burns, peeling, rashes, and listlessness, you should stop immediately. 3. Open windows when sunbathing indoors in winter. 4. Do not irradiate the eyes directly, you can wear a hat. 5. Start short. 6. You can also take your baby for a walk outside on cloudy days. 7. Don't let the sun at noon directly shine on the baby's skin, choose a place such as the shade of a tree to take an air bath. 3. Air baths Babies can take air baths from 2-3 months. When taking an air bath, open the baby's clothes, remove the diaper, expose the skin to the air, and change the position of the body frequently so that all parts are exposed to the air. The benefits of air baths: 1. Promote the development of the trachea, mucous membranes and skin of the newborn, and increase the ability to adapt to the climate. 2. Let the newborn not only adapt to the new environment, but also expand the scope of life. 3. It is also very beneficial for preventing loss of appetite and crying in the middle of the night. 4. Not only can increase appetite, promote sleep, but also improve the baby's cold resistance. (3) The time and indoor temperature of the air bath can be done 1-2 times a day, 3-5 minutes each time, and can be extended to 5-6 minutes when the baby is 4-5 months old. Depending on the duration of the exercise, it can last up to 2-3 hours. The indoor temperature of the air bath is: 20-24°C.
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