Newly diagnosed cholera in Wuhan, many mothers received vaccination reminder: at what age can I go?

time:2022-12-02 14:27:26source:monlittlebaby.com author:Baby bones
Newly diagnosed cholera in Wuhan, many mothers received vaccination reminder: at what age can I go?

After the new crown, hepatitis and monkeypox, there are "new" infectious diseases coming to join in the fun in the past few days - while thinking "retreat" in my heart, it is inevitable that I will still be nervous, after all, I am afraid that it will affect the children! For a long time, many mothers have also left messages asking us: I received a text message from the vaccination clinic, saying that it is necessary to take the child to get the cholera vaccine. Today I'm going to talk about cholera. I hope you can feel more at ease after reading it. Cholera, an infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, can cause severe watery diarrhea. This is not at the same level as the "loose stool" we usually see. Severe cholera patients have swill-like stools, because they are completely out of shape, and the amount of stool is not measured in kilograms, but in milliliters and liters. . Image Credit: UpToDate Clinical Consultant In the most severe cases, in just 1 hour, an adult can pull out a liter of stool, and a 50-pound child can pull out half a liter. If left untreated, cholera can quickly "drain" people and lead to death. In addition, cholera has a short incubation period and is highly contagious. Once the outbreak occurs, the consequences are unimaginable. Therefore, it is listed as one of the only two statutory Class A infectious diseases in my country (the other is what, the answer is hidden in the text). Vibrio cholerae, which causes cholera, was originally a normal flora in water bodies such as estuaries and seawater, and only enters the human body through water and food (such as contaminated seafood). After one person has cholera, other people can get cholera by eating water/food contaminated with their faeces, vomit, or being in close contact with an infected person. But rest assured: Cholera is not spread through the respiratory tract. According to the official report, the case discovered at Wuhan University this time started to develop fever, vomiting and diarrhea on July 8. After proper diagnosis and treatment, the situation is stable and the symptoms have disappeared. As of the evening of July 10, the disease control department has completed the rapid inspection of key personnel and sites, and no group O1 and O139 Vibrio cholera have been detected (the specific classification of Vibrio cholerae is similar to dividing influenza into influenza A, stream B), and no new cases were found. Image source: People's Daily Weibo generally believes that only the toxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae in O1 and O139 groups can cause cholera epidemics, but this case was infected with a non-toxigenic strain of Vibrio cholerae in O139 group. That said, it's unlikely to spark further popularity. Worldwide, there have been seven cholera pandemics in 200 years, and we are in the seventh. Since 1961, there have also been three epidemic peaks in China. Try to mention the name "Huliela" (the old name for cholera, from the transliteration of the English name Cholera) to the elderly, and they may still have an impression. However, after entering the 21st century, the number of cholera cases reported each year is basically only a few dozen to one or two hundred (except in 2005). For the whole year of 2021, only 5 cases of cholera and no deaths were reported nationwide (the data did not include Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan). Image source: The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention The reason why this case has attracted attention this time is probably that under the influence of the epidemic, everyone has become more sensitive to infectious diseases. In fact, such sporadic cases have always existed, but we did not pay special attention to them before. For the average person, cholera need not be overly worrying, but proper precautions are still needed. Cholera is an intestinal infectious disease and is a typical "disease from the mouth", so dietary hygiene is very important. Heating is the best way to kill Vibrio cholerae, especially fish and shrimp, crabs, snails, shellfish and other aquatic products, must be fully cooked; cutting boards, knives, etc. used for processing ingredients, remember to separate raw and cooked. This is not only to prevent cholera, but also to reduce the risk of food poisoning and parasite infection. In addition, cholera vaccines are available to children as young as 2 years old. Said to be a vaccine, in fact, the shape is more like a capsule, and the vaccination method is also oral. Image source: The official website of the vaccine research and development company is the first inoculation. It needs to take one tablet orally on the 0th, 7th and 28th days. It can provide significant protection against cholera within 2 years, and it can also cross diarrhea caused by toxigenic Escherichia coli. Protective effect; after the initial vaccination, it can be boosted once before the epidemic season as the case may be. However, due to the small number of cholera cases in China, cholera vaccines are not required in all places and all the time, and it needs to be judged by local health experts. Unless you plan to go abroad in the near future, there is no need to take your child to take the cholera vaccine; but if you receive a notification from the local disease control department or the vaccination clinic for your child to be vaccinated, it is recommended to cooperate with the vaccination. (Source of the title map: Photo by Feng Peng, a reporter from Nanbao.com)
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