The baby is entering the fierce season! Calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, DHA, so the supplement is more efficient

time:2023-02-03 author:Emergency treatment
The baby is entering the fierce season! Calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, DHA, so the supplement is more efficient

We all know that spring is the fastest growing season for children, and the baby's height and brain enter a period of soaring! Strong bones, strong physique, smart brain, and healthy development are inseparable from "calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, DHA". Many novice parents are worried that their children are undernourished, which will affect their children's development. Therefore, many parents in the background ask: "Do you need to give your children additional nutritional supplements?" In fact, the best choice is to eat supplements first. If the baby has a balanced diet, there is no apparent lack of symptoms, and there is generally no need for additional supplements. Today, let's talk about how to scientifically supplement calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, and DHA for children during the soaring period to help children grow up!

1. Calcium - the basic raw material for bone growth for babies

Calcium is a coagulation factor, which can reduce the excitability of nerves and muscles. The main components that make up bones and teeth are indeed very important for babies! If the baby is deficient in calcium, there will be an abnormality, as shown in the figure below: But many parents are too anxious, and even eat blue-cap calcium supplements during infancy. Excessive calcium supplementation leads to serious bone calcification and affects growth! Therefore, parents need to know how much calcium babies need at different months of age! ❤Baby to prevent calcium deficiency?
  • 0-6 months: 600ml of breast milk or formula milk contains about 200mg of calcium. If the milk supply is sufficient for babies before the age of 6 months, calcium supplementation is generally not required;
  • 6 months old to 12 months old: After the age of 6 months, the baby's milk supply is guaranteed to be more than 600ml, and calcium-containing complementary food is added in time, and the baby generally does not need calcium supplementation!
  • Baby after the age of 1: You can decide whether to supplement calcium according to the calcium content of the child's diet and whether the baby has the above symptoms of calcium deficiency, instead of blindly following the trend.
❤How to prevent calcium deficiency in babies through complementary feeding? After the baby is 6 months old, supplementary foods need to be added in time to supplement calcium. Arrange more calcium-rich supplementary foods such as tofu puree, cheese, yogurt, fish puree, shrimp puree, sesame paste, egg yolk puree, edamame puree, kelp, etc. The specific content is shown in the figure below : The road to adding complementary food for many babies is not smooth. When the baby cannot add the above foods, you can choose some ground products for your baby. If you want to supplement calcium, you can choose sea shrimp and black sesame powder. Sea shrimp and sesame are rich in calcium at the same time. It can be said to be a powerful combination, especially suitable for babies in the early stage of complementary food and children who need calcium supplementation. Adding it to rice porridge and rice noodles can easily supplement calcium for children!

Iron—prevention of iron-deficiency anemia

Iron is an important component in the blood, assisting in the transport of oxygen in the body, Being able to maintain the normal function of the brain, muscles and immune system is indeed very important for the baby, but many parents tend to ignore it! If the baby is deficient in iron, there will be abnormalities, as shown in the following figure: According to the "Report on the Nutritional Development of Children Aged 0-6 in China", babies aged 6-12 months have the highest rate of anemia. Because the iron stored in the baby's body is depleted after 4-6 months, if the mother does not supplement iron-containing food in time, it is very easy to develop iron-deficiency anemia. Therefore, parents need to know how much iron babies need at different months! ❤How to prevent iron deficiency in baby through complementary food? Because the iron content of breast milk is very low, especially for breastfed babies, iron supplementation should be paid attention to at the age of 4-6 months to prevent iron deficiency. Babies and breastfeeding mothers should fortify iron in their diets! 1. After the baby is 4-6 months old, the first complementary food should be iron-containing rice noodles: preferably high-iron rice noodles, it is best to choose some big brands, it is not recommended to make rice noodles at home; 2. Add plant foods to the baby : Including black fungus, sesame (sauce), nostoc, seaweed, beans (tofu skin, dried tofu), green leafy vegetables and iron-fortified foods, etc. However, the absorption rate of non-heme iron is relatively low, usually lower than 3-5 %. 3. When the baby is seven or eight months old, more mashed food supplements of animal red lean meat, animal blood, and animal liver are arranged, and the absorption rate is higher than that of plant food, up to 40%. It is recommended to arrange liver mud 1-2 times a week for the baby, which can play a very good role in iron supplementation! But many little babies are very resistant to the taste of liver and animal blood, so they cannot eat iron supplements! Here is a trick for novice parents to choose ground pork liver powder for their children.

Third, Zinc—tickling the baby's taste buds

Zinc is an essential trace element for the human body. It can not only promote the development of the baby's taste buds, but also And it is closely related to the baby's intelligence and growth and development. If the baby is deficient in zinc, there will be many abnormalities, as shown below: ❤Do you have to give your child zinc supplements in summer? the answer is negative! There is no specific age stage for baby zinc supplements, unless there is a lack of performance! Generally, due to the decline in milk volume around the age of 6 months, supplementary food needs to pay attention to arranging more zinc-containing foods, and more supplements can be done! Parents need to be clear about how much zinc babies of different months need, and don't blindly follow suit in summer! ❤How to prevent zinc deficiency in babies? Under normal circumstances, plant foods are low in zinc content and poorly absorbed, so vegetarians are more prone to zinc deficiency; after 6 months, babies are mostly rice noodles, white porridge, and vegetables. If eggs and meat are not added in time etc., will lead to insufficient intake of zinc, generally more common after 1 year of age. If the baby's zinc deficiency is due to partial eclipse, picky eater, and insufficient intake of animal food, it is recommended to adjust the diet structure first, and supplement the baby with oysters, lamb, egg yolk, beef, pork, sea bass, chicken, etc.; among plants , Sesame is the food with the highest zinc content! Many mothers are very worried that their babies are picky eaters and do not like animal products, and their intake of zinc is insufficient. Insufficient zinc will lead to more anorexia in their children, and this repeats a vicious cycle. If your baby also has this problem, or it is difficult to add animal-based complementary food, you can try oyster powder for your child.

Fourth, selenium-improve baby's immunity

Selenium is an essential trace element for the human body every day. The Chinese Nutrition Society also lists selenium as a Listed as one of the 15 essential nutrients for the human body, it can improve the body's immunity and maintain the normal functions of important organs such as the heart, liver, lung, and stomach. The study found that selenium-deficient babies have low appetite. After selenium supplementation, the baby's appetite increases, and the sickness decreases, which is beneficial to the healthy growth of the baby ❤How to prevent the baby from being deficient in selenium? At present, many milk powders do not contain selenium, so they should be supplemented in complementary foods, which can be ingested from animal foods such as quail eggs, duck egg yolks, and egg yolks. Among the many selenium-supplementing foods, seafood is a good source of selenium-supplementing. Such as small sea prawns, prawns, jellyfish, tuna, sardines, seaweed, etc.

Five, DHA—the baby's brain is bright and bright

From the fetal period to the baby's 3 years old, supplementing a sufficient amount of DHA can help Meet the rapid development of baby's intelligence, vision, memory and understanding. Brain development is done at one time. Once the opportunity is missed, the development of the central nervous system is basically frozen, and future supplementation will only be twice the result with half the effort! ❤How much DHA does a baby need every day? According to the "Chinese Residents' Dietary Nutrient Reference Intakes (2013 Edition)", it is recommended that the appropriate intake of DHA for infants and young children is 100 mg/d, the appropriate intake for childhood and adolescence is 100 mg/d, and the appropriate intake for DHA during pregnancy and lactation is 100 mg/d. The appropriate intake is 200-300mg/d. ❤How to supplement the baby with enough DHA? 0-6 months full-term baby: breastfeeding babies, breast milk is rich in DHA, breastfeeding mothers insist on eating some DHA-rich foods every day, which can meet the DHA needs of 0-6 months old babies. Formula-fed babies, generally formula milk will fortify DHA to ensure the baby's demand for DHA. Supplementation is generally not required. Babies after 6 months: After 6 months, the baby's milk volume gradually decreases, and complementary foods need to be gradually added. More DHA-rich foods such as deep-sea fish, salmon, walnuts, flaxseed oil, and walnut oil should be arranged for the baby! Walnuts are rich in DHA and protein, and contain various trace elements and minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, etc., as well as various vitamins such as carotene and riboflavin, which are very suitable for developing children, but it is not recommended for babies To eat whole walnuts, it is recommended to choose walnut powder, which is better for digestion, not easy to choke, and safer!
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