These 6 kinds of medicines for children in summer

time:2022-12-05 author:Maternal-Child Nursing
These 6 kinds of medicines for children in summer

When the child is sick, the mother is heartbroken. Due to the hot weather in summer, germs grow rapidly, and babies are easily sick, so a small family medicine box is essential! In view of some common diseases that babies are prone to in summer, a "must-have summer medicine list" has been summed up, which can be compared with the small medicine box at home to see what is still missing.

Medications for diarrhea

The most common symptom of babies in summer is diarrhea. The main medicines for diarrhea are oral rehydration salts and montmorillonite powder. 1. Oral rehydration salt baby diarrhea, more important than antidiarrheal is to prevent the baby from dehydration. Because when the baby has diarrhea, the intestines will lose a lot of water and electrolytes, which will lead to an imbalance in the osmotic pressure inside and outside the intestines, and the water in the body will penetrate into the intestines. If the mother does not adjust in time, the baby's diarrhea will worsen more and more serious. At this time, give the baby some oral rehydration salts, which will not only absorb water, but also replenish the lost electrolytes, correct the disorder in the baby's body, and play a role in stopping diarrhea. 2. Montmorillonite powder Montmorillonite powder has fixed and inhibitory effects on viruses, bacteria and toxins in the digestive tract; it has the ability to cover the digestive tract mucosa, thereby protecting the digestive tract mucosa. It is relatively safe to use and mainly treats acute and chronic diarrhea in adults and babies. Diarrhea mostly resolves on its own, and early in the course of the disease, diarrhea helps flush out viruses from the gut. Therefore, for acute watery diarrhea, you can observe it for 48 hours first, and do not use montmorillonite powder too early. If it is non-infectious diarrhea like indigestion, it is not necessary to take montmorillonite powder. It must be taken on an empty stomach and at least 1 hour apart from all other medicines. Also, it is not recommended for children under 2 years old.

Medications for nasal congestion and runny nose

Children's nasal congestion and runny nose are also very common in summer, so it is also necessary to prepare sea salt water or saline at home. Sea salt water is different from ordinary saline, it is rich in beneficial minerals and trace elements. Normal saline is mainly suitable for babies under 6 months; and babies over 6 months can directly use sea salt water nasal spray to relieve nasal congestion.

Antipyretic analgesics

Fever medications should always be available at all times. 1. Paracetamol Paracetamol has a milder antipyretic effect, and when used at normal doses, there is less chance of adverse reactions. In addition, it can not only reduce fever, but also relieve headaches, joint pains, muscle pains, toothaches and other pains. 2. For the fever caused by ibuprofen due to the common cold, we usually use ibuprofen. The common ibuprofen brands on the market include Merrill Lynch and Ton. When using the two antipyretics, strictly follow the instructions, and try not to use them in combination or alternately.

For external use

In summer, babies are most likely to be bitten by mosquitoes. In addition, the weather is too hot, and babies are prone to prickly heat. If the skin is itchy, Babies will scratch uncontrollably, and scratching the skin is also something that mothers often encounter. Therefore, in order to take care of the delicate skin of the baby, mothers should take medication in time. 1. Calamine Lotion Calamine lotion has many uses. In addition to relieving common mosquito bites, red buttocks, prickly heat and other problems, it can also relieve various itching. In addition, calamine lotion is cost-effective, a few dollars for a large bottle, and it is relatively safe to use, but it should be noted that babies under 2 years old should not use compound calamine lotion, allergic babies, damaged skin, and burns. Use with caution. 2. Zinc oxide ointment When it comes to zinc oxide, mothers are sure to be familiar with it. It is in the diaper cream and it is also in the sunscreen. It acts to isolate moisture, astringe the skin, and promote healing.

Medications for constipation

The most worrying thing for mothers is the child's "feces and farts". Constipation is also a headache for many mothers. 1. Lactulose Lactulose is one of the commonly used constipation medicines for children. It is an osmotic laxative containing oligosaccharides or cellulose, which can absorb water into the intestines, soften the stools, and promote peristalsis and defecation. 2. Kaisailu Kaisailu can quickly relieve baby's constipation. It is a lubricating laxative. The main ingredient is glycerin, and it is relatively safe to use. However, it is not suitable for long-term use, and it is easy to form drug dependence and become habitual constipation.

Allergy medication

Allergy problems in children are also common, and some anti-allergic drugs are often used. 1. Loratadine Loratadine has a good allergy relief effect. This anti-allergy drug is also one of the medicines that are often prepared at home. Whether it is allergic rhinitis or urticaria, loratadine will be a good choice. Generally suitable for children over 2 years old. However, it should be noted that if the other medicines your baby takes also contain anti-allergic ingredients, such as some compound cold medicines, do not use loratadine at this time to avoid overdose. 2. Cetirizine Cetirizine is also a common anti-allergic drug. It commonly includes tablets, capsules, oral solutions, dispersible tablets, etc. Although there are many dosage forms, the effect is the same. Generally suitable for babies over 6 months old. Finally, I would like to remind mothers that we need to regularly check the expiration date of the stored medicines. At the same time, we must keep these medicines to prevent children from taking them by mistake.
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