Why take vitamin D supplements? How to make up for it? The nutritionist tells you

time:2023-02-02 19:02:31source:monlittlebaby.com author:Sneeze
Why take vitamin D supplements? How to make up for it? The nutritionist tells you

During the baby's growth and development, vitamin D is very, very important. During the baby's routine physical examination, many children's health care doctors will ask if they have supplemented vitamin D recently? So today we will start talking about how to supplement vitamin D?

1 Why should vitamin D be supplemented?

1. The amount of vitamin D in breast milk is very small. If the baby has insufficient storage during the fetal period, and the vitamin D content in breast milk is only 22-40IU/L, some mothers themselves are also deficient in vitamin D. not enough. So be sure to take extra vitamin D. 2. What happens to vitamin D deficiency? Due to vitamin D deficiency, calcium and phosphorus metabolism in the body is abnormal, which leads to rickets. Parents, pay attention! It is vitamin D deficiency that causes rickets! To prevent rickets, be sure to supplement with vitamin D.

2 How to supplement vitamin D?

In "Chinese Opinions on the Prevention and Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency Rickets" mentioned: premature infants, low birth Weight infants and twins should be supplemented with vitamin D 800-1000 units/day 2 weeks after birth, and full-term infants should be supplemented with vitamin D 400 units/day until 2 years old. 1. Premature infants Premature infants, low birth weight children, and twins should start to supplement vitamin D 800-1000 IU after birth, and change to 400-800 IU after 3 months of continuous supplementation. 2. A few days after birth to 2 years old for full-term infants: It is recommended to routinely supplement 400-800 IU of vitamin D daily, which can be adjusted appropriately according to different regions and seasons. A daily intake of 400 IU is generally safe. Do you need to make up after 3 or 2 years old? It can be adjusted according to the geographical environment, weather, and living habits. If you live in the South for a long time and have appropriate outdoor activities every day, you do not need to emphasize vitamin D supplementation. You only need to give an appropriate amount of supplements when you have not exercised outdoors for a long time or have not seen the sun for a long time. If you live in the north, because the sunshine in autumn and winter is weak every year, you can give appropriate vitamin D supplementation from October to February of the second year. 4. Does the baby need additional supplements for formula milk? According to the standard of premature infants or full-term infants, mothers can check the formula table of milk powder by themselves, and calculate whether they have enough vitamin D according to the amount of milk of the baby. If the amount of vitamin D is not enough, additional vitamin D needs to be supplemented. 5. Exclusive breastfeeding Although breastfeeding is a high-end customized product for babies, there is little vitamin D in breast milk. It is necessary to supplement the baby with vitamin D in time according to the standard of premature or full-term infants. Doctors often prescribe vitamin AD drops, what is the doctor's basis? The "Survey on Vitamin A Deficiency in Children Under 6 Years Old in China" shows that the overall vitamin A deficiency rate of children aged 0-6 years in China is 11.7%, the subclinical deficiency rate is 39.2%, and the deficiency rate of infants less than 6 months old is 33.4%. The subclinical deficiency rate was 45.70%. Infants and young children are more prone to vitamin A deficiency or insufficiency. The reason is that infants and young children grow rapidly and have a relatively simple diet structure. They cannot obtain rich nutrients from food like adults. Whether breastfeeding or artificial feeding, they need to be properly Take vitamin A. According to the above conclusions, many doctors believe that vitamin A should be supplemented in small-month-old babies. Taking vitamin AD every day, will vitamin A overdose cause side effects? Acute poisoning of vitamin A: Acute poisoning can occur in infants and young children with a single dose of more than 300,000 IU. Chronic vitamin A poisoning: Infants and young children ingesting 50,000-100,000 IU per day can cause chronic poisoning for more than 6 months. Taking Yikexin as an example, Yikexin green drops (applicable to under 1 year old) vitamin A1500/1 drop, taken continuously for 1 month (calculated by 30 days), the vitamin intake is 45,000 units/month , so mothers don't have to worry about vitamin A poisoning. Of course, mom can take vitamin AD drops alternately with vitamin D. Is natural cod liver oil good for vitamin D supplementation? In addition to vitamin AD and vitamin D, there is a similar product on the market that is cod liver oil. However, for vitamin A/D supplementation, natural food is not the best choice for the following reasons: 1. The A/D ratio of natural cod liver oil does not meet the nutritional requirements of infants and young children. Most of the natural cod liver oil A:D=10:1, The Chinese Nutrition Society recommends that the ratio of A to D supplementation for infants and young children is 3:1. Long-term use may cause insufficient intake of vitamin D or excessive intake of vitamin A; 2. Naturally extracted cod liver oil inevitably contains allergenic ingredients. Very easy to cause baby allergies. Therefore, the use of cod liver oil to supplement vitamin A/D is not recommended. References: 1. Yin Shi'an. Research on the nutritional status and requirements of vitamin A in children in my country [J]. Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2. Hou Wei. Clinical diagnosis and treatment of rational use of vitamin D in infants and young children [J]. J]. 3. Yu Tao et al. A case of super-dose vitamin A poisoning [J]. Sichuan Medicine. 2009 (8).
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