Adding complementary food to your baby, these three aspects are very important, have you considered all of them?

time:2023-02-07 author:Cry
Adding complementary food to your baby, these three aspects are very important, have you considered all of them?

Adding complementary food to your baby, these three aspects are very important, have you considered all of them? Complementary food is a very important part of baby's growth and development, it affects the baby's physical development and intellectual development. The correct addition, scientific collocation, and balanced nutrition of complementary foods are also homework that mothers must do before adding complementary foods to their babies. Most mothers know that the baby can start adding complementary food after 6 months, but they are not very sure about the specific details of adding complementary food, such as the types of food that can be added at different months of age, food characteristics, intake per meal, How to control the meal times of complementary food, and the problems that need to be paid attention to when eating complementary food... This article will answer your doubts. First of all, mothers must correctly grasp the general principles of adding complementary foods [1], be aware of it, and proceed step by step.

Methods of adding complementary foods

1. To add complementary foods at the beginning of 6 months, choose foods that are easy to swallow and digest and are not easy to cause allergies . It is recommended to choose fortified iron rice noodles for the first time. When preparing, it can be made into a paste with milk or warm water to avoid being too thick or too thin; after the child gets used to it for 2-3 days, you can gradually choose some vegetables (such as: carrots, pumpkins, tomatoes, etc.) , or red meat (lean pork, beef, pork liver, etc.), or fruits (apples, bananas, pears, papaya, etc.) are processed into mashed substances and mixed into rice noodles, choose one food at a time, and gradually enrich the child's food type. In order to ensure breastfeeding, it is recommended to feed breastmilk at the beginning, and then feed the baby with complementary food when the baby is half full, and then breastfeed as needed; for formula feeding, you can choose to add complementary food to the baby in the middle of two formulas. As the amount of complementary food for infants increases, it can be gradually transitioned to a complete meal of complementary food, and one meal of complementary food can be alternately fed with breast milk or formula. The first complementary food intake should be 1-2 spoons (about 10ml of white porcelain spoons) of muddy food, which can be rice noodles, vegetable puree, fruit puree, etc., only add one kind at a time, and observe that there is no allergic reaction for 2-3 days Other iron-rich foods can be introduced. After adapting to a variety of foods, they can be mixed and fed, such as rice flour mixed with vegetable puree, rice flour mixed with meat puree and egg yolk puree. 2. Some babies aged 7-9 months may have erupted deciduous teeth, and have certain swallowing, chewing and digesting abilities, which can gradually increase the roughness of the food. Complementary food can gradually replace 1-2 meals, and maintain a total milk volume of more than 600ml per day. .
  • 7 months of age can gradually transition from mashed food to rougher mashed food;
  • 8—9 At the age of 9 months, you can make some rotten noodles, minced meat, minced vegetables, etc. for your child;
  • At the age of 9 months, you can also exercise your baby to eat liquid food from a cup[2].
On the basis of the abundant food in the previous period, pay attention to increase the intake of cereal and potato foods (such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, etc.), and choose high protein content (such as egg yolk, livestock and poultry, fish, soy foods, etc.), iron-rich foods (red meat, liver puree, animal blood, etc.), and dark vegetables. When cooking, you can add an appropriate amount of complementary cooking oil to your baby, such as walnut oil, flaxseed oil, camellia oil, etc., which can provide your baby with rich unsaturated fats, and an additional 5-10g of oil can be added every day [1]. 3. The food types that 10-12 month old infants can adapt to have reached a certain amount. Complementary feeding is 2-3 times a day, and they can gradually transition to eating three meals a day with their families at the same time, which can be between breakfast, lunch, dinner and One meal (milk) can be added before going to bed. Ensure that the total milk volume per day is 600ml. This stage can be transitioned from crushed food to block food, or soft bar food, which can exercise the child's chewing ability and help the teeth to erupt. 10-month-old children can try finger foods such as bananas, bread slices, and sliced ​​fruits. At 12-month-olds, they can try hard foods such as cucumber strips and apple slices. Moms can also follow the "Le Tao Hanke" video account. , you can follow the learning to make complementary food. 4. Complementary food for children aged 13-24 months and over 1 year old has transitioned to the daily food of the family. This stage is mainly based on learning to eat independently. The daily milk intake of infants is maintained at 500ml. Some foods that are prone to allergies include egg whites, shellfish (such as shrimp, crab), peanuts and nuts (such as almonds, cashews, and walnuts) and other foods that can be added to children, but they must be properly crushed and processed for convenience. Eat, pay attention to observe the reaction after adding. In addition, babies over one year old can eat salt, but pay attention to the light taste, the amount of salt per day is not more than 1.5g, avoid spicy food, the amount of fat per day is not more than 15g, all kinds of meat, fruit, dried fruit or Large pieces of vegetables can be given to children to further exercise their chewing and swallowing abilities. When eating, encourage children to eat independently with spoons, hands, etc., until the 2-year-old children can eat completely on their own. The meal time is generally controlled within 20 minutes, and the longest is not more than 30 minutes. Avoid playing games, watching TV and other interfering activities while eating. You can refer to the balanced diet pagoda for infants and young children aged 7-24 months in China to ensure a diversified diet:

Precautions for adding complementary foods

#1 Feeding complementary food for the first time should not be rushed. The baby needs to have a gradual adaptation process from getting used to liquid milk to eating some mushy food. When feeding food to the baby, use a spoon to send the food to the front of the tongue of the child, let the baby move the food to the back of the mouth through his own oral movements for swallowing, and avoid sending the food directly to the back of the tongue, otherwise it is easy to cause jamming Choking or causing nausea and vomiting. In the initial feeding stage, the feeding speed should not be too fast. After feeding, the baby should rest for a while, do not have strenuous activities, and do not breastfeed immediately. #2 The characters of complementary food are changeable. With the growth of the baby's age, pay attention to let the baby taste the food with different tastes, textures, and cooking methods. Different food tastes can stimulate the baby's better development of taste. Mothers can make complementary foods of different colors and shapes for the baby according to the different months and ages of the baby to attract the child's attention. #3 Eating complementary food with a sense of ritual Before eating complementary food, put on a bib for your baby, sit in a dining chair, wash your hands, tell your baby to eat, and let your baby develop a good habit. When you repeat these actions every day, your baby will know what to do, and it will also make your baby more focused when eating, and cultivate your baby's good eating habits. #4 Pay attention to the following signs that the baby is full, indicating that the baby is full, do not force the baby:
  • The child eats complementary food more slowly, the interest in food is weakened, and no longer Concentrate on eating.
  • Do not open your mouth when the food reaches your mouth and avoid the spoon.
  • Fed to mouth and spit out food, unable to sit in dining chair[3].
#5 The foods that the baby refuses can be tried more. When the baby is exposed to new foods for the first time, there may be conflicting behaviors. The mother does not need to think that the child does not like it, but should try more. What the mother has to do is to regularly present these foods on the baby's table, eat it with the child, encourage the child to try more, and let the child hold, lick, smell or taste it. But don't force your child to eat, slowly you will find that the baby may be willing to eat one day in the future. Seeing this, mothers have a deeper understanding of complementary food supplementation. What problems have you encountered when introducing complementary foods to your baby? You can move to the comment area and share your experience/experience! Don't forget, pay attention to the "Le Tao Hanke" public account, more exciting content is waiting for you to unlock. References: [1] Chinese Nutrition Society. Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016) [M]. Beijing: People's Health Publishing House, 2016. [2] Chinese Preventive Medicine Child Health Branch: "Infant and Young Child Feeding and Nutrition Guidelines" 2019 Edition Medical pulse. [3] Clove mother.
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