Teaching children to learn the Analects: "Learning while learning is not enjoyable" has nothing to do with reviewing, I misunderstood

time:2022-12-02 04:45:11source:monlittlebaby.com author:Cry
Teaching children to learn the Analects: "Learning while learning is not enjoyable" has nothing to do with reviewing, I misunderstood

A few days ago, my daughter asked me with a book: "Mom, what does it mean to learn and learn from time to time?" I smiled and said, "This sentence means that we often review the knowledge we have learned. , isn't it a happy thing?" The daughter asked with a surprised look: "What's so good about reviewing, I don't like reviewing." One sentence stopped me, and I had a similar thought at the time, Unless your brain is sick, you will think that reviewing is a happy thing. Whenever we see that the child is not learning well, we will persuade the child to review, and by the way, we will chant the phrase "Learning and learning at the same time". But do you know that when Confucius said this sentence back then, his original intention was not to learn the method, but the essence of learning. In order to explain my daughter's doubts, I began to read Mr. Nan Huaijin's "The Analects of Confucius", and I felt something from it. I hope to record it and share it with you. We know that Confucius' "The Analects of Confucius" was compiled by his students and his students' students. It recorded Confucius' political views, ethical thoughts, moral concepts, etc. There are 20 chapters in the whole book, and the most famous one is Xue Er. , both young and old can recite a few sentences. The Master said: "Learn and learn from time to time, don't you say it?" Have friends come from afar? People don't know but don't feel sullen, isn't it a gentleman?

What does "Learn and learn from time to time" mean?

It is estimated that elementary school students can explain it. According to the explanation in the book, is it not a happy thing to review frequently in the process of learning knowledge? I just want to ask one thing, is learning really a happy thing? Obviously, most students don't think so, but should be "learning and learning from time to time, it is not difficult." There are two reasons why children misunderstand Confucius. One is that Confucius' level is really problematic, and the other is that we must have misunderstood the true meaning of Confucius. Teacher Nan believes that the word "learning" in "learning and learning" refers to learning, not learning. The knowledge here refers to life experience, the experience of being a human being, not the literature and words we call it. Therefore, people without a diploma can also have knowledge. We continue to learn knowledge in life, realize knowledge from other people's mistakes, and then apply it to life, and we will feel very happy in our hearts. For example, when we see a friend going out, you say, "Don't go out, it's raining today." Although we do not regret his misfortune, we will still be happy for our "time and practice", which is the "unity of knowledge and action" as Wang Yangming said.

Let's talk about "friends from afar"

Let's talk about "it's a pleasure to have friends from afar", A friend came from afar to catch the wind and dust, but it cost a lot of money, so it may not be a happy thing to have a friend. If the person who comes is not an ordinary friend, but a confidant who can understand you, then it is another matter. Nan Shi thinks that this sentence is related to the previous sentence. It tells that a scholar is very lonely, just like Confucius himself was lonely all his life, his political ideas were not recognized by others, and he did not go to dinner parties to seek wealth. Confucius believed that as long as he had knowledge, he would naturally have a confidant, so he would rather live in poverty and engage in education. A person who insists on learning is lonely. If there is a person who understands him at this time, wouldn't it be a happy thing? Master Nan also believes that "it is a pleasure to have friends from afar" is not only in space, but also in time, which also shows that confidants are rare. Therefore, the correct understanding of this sentence is to learn, don’t be afraid that no one will understand you, and gradually someone will understand you. This person may be far away, or many years later, as long as someone understands you, it is a thing to be happy. .

Finally, let's talk about "people who don't know but don't shy"

Since the first two sentences are wrong, the last sentence must be wrong too. The third sentence is about a very unfortunate and learned person who never waited for a confidant in his life. A person who really understands himself is not angry at all, and he never complains about others. When a person can truly learn for the sake of learning, he doesn’t blame the heavens or others, and he asks himself, why can’t I stand up? Why am I not achieving this goal? It is a matter of one's own knowledge, cultivation, and practices. I deeply reflect on myself, and I don’t have any thoughts of resentment in my heart. Take the current concept, this kind of psychology is absolutely healthy psychology, such is the gentleman. Only a gentleman is capable of learning and learning the way of life. Taking modern new concepts as an example, it is the beginning of paying attention to the philosophy of life. Besides, the meaning of the coherence of these three sentences is to explain the cultivation of reading and learning. From beginning to end, it is nothing more than to be able to enjoy yourself first, and then you can "be happy and happy in the world". Therefore, the focus of these three sentences lies in the "pleasure" in the middle sentence.
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