3 years old and still can't tell the difference between traffic lights? There must be something wrong with the way you teach your child to recognize colors.

time:2022-10-07 10:13:54source:monlittlebaby.com author:Fever
3 years old and still can't tell the difference between traffic lights? There must be something wrong with the way you teach your child to recognize colors.

When CD Mom CD Mom and Dad came home from get off work yesterday, a mother in the community was playing with her child on the edge of the flower bed in the community: Pointing to a red flower in the flower bed and asking the child, "What color is this flower? "The child said: "Green." "No, this flower is red." "Green!" "Baby, this is a red flower!" "Green, green!" After passing, you can feel that this mother seems to have black lines all over her head. In fact, friends around me have discussed a similar situation with me, and some even suspect that the child is colorblind! ... In fact, most of the time, things are not so serious! They may just be "colors don't match". After all, there are so many types of colors, it is definitely not an easy task to fully understand and correspond one-to-one with the things around you! (To be honest, DD doesn't know much about colors now!) But, did you know? In fact, babies already have the ability to perceive different colors from a very young age! 1. The stage of baby's cognition of color 1-3 months: The first thing to know is that the baby's vision is the only perception that does not develop in the womb. Therefore, the vision development of the baby at this stage is very immature, and everything is blurred. At the same time, there is no way to distinguish the specific color, only interested in black and white! 4-5 months: Babies at this age have already begun to have a certain sensitivity to colors. 6-8 months: After the baby is 6 months old, vision will develop further. At this time, the baby can not only see many different colors, but even look at colors that are far away from him. 9-12 months: Babies who are approaching the age of one year have become more and more perfect in their ability to perceive colors, including distinguishing the light and shade of colors. Since the baby can distinguish colors very early, why does the baby speak the wrong color name? Because the name of the color requires them to have "the ability to associate the object seen with the name of the object", and this ability appeared relatively late. So, even if babies perceive the existence of colors at an early age, it still takes a certain amount of time for them to associate colors with their names! As long as there is no problem with color vision, children will always recognize colors, but it's just a matter of early and late. Is it necessary to teach babies to recognize colors? This is really necessary! 2. The importance of the baby's understanding of color We can see from the above "baby's visual development stage" that color vision has developed to a large extent when the baby is 4 months old. Moreover, the way babies recognize objects around them is through color, shape, and size. And color is the easiest of the three pathways for babies. Experiments by Australian psychologist Werner have proved that children, especially preschool children, are mostly based on colors that have strong visual appeal. For example: Babies can quickly learn to sort by color. Especially those colors with high purity and high saturation (such as: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple.), such colors are more visually stimulating to the baby, and are more likely to attract the baby's attention. Not only that, in the early stage of education, teaching babies to recognize colors can also help babies improve their discrimination, appreciation, beauty perception, as well as imagination and painting skills. What's more, by identifying the color, the baby can also develop the habit of observation and improve the baby's observation ability! Therefore, we must seize the critical period of the baby's visual development, teach the baby to recognize colors, and let the baby experience the charm of color! Speaking of teaching, are there many babies who are like the example we mentioned at the beginning, no matter how you teach, I just don't listen. In fact, it's not that the baby doesn't listen. In most cases, you teach too much, too fast, and the baby gets confused! The baby's brain development is still limited, so we also need to talk about methods and strategies when teaching babies to recognize colors! 3. How to teach babies to recognize colors Teaching babies to recognize colors is difficult, after all, there are too many types of colors. But it is simple and simple, just follow the following two principles! 1. From easy to difficult In fact, children's cognition of colors has a certain order. Teaching the baby in the order of visual development must be more effective! So in addition to black and white cards, we can first teach children to recognize red. After that, you can teach children some basic and saturated colors. This kind of color is more stimulating to children, and it will be easy for children to learn. For example: green, blue, yellow... After the basic colors are recognized, teach the baby to recognize the transition colors. Alternatively, let your baby start with color matching. As we mentioned earlier, babies can distinguish colors at a very early age, so when we teach babies to recognize colors, we can start with pairing. For example: the following small game. Do not throw away the used rolls of toilet paper at home, paint them with colors, or stick colored stickers to make rolls. One end of the ice-cream stick is painted with different colors, and the baby can insert the ice-cream stick into the corresponding color roll. See if there are ice cream sticks of the corresponding color in each roll, which one has two ice cream sticks? There are many other games like this, so Mom C will directly upload the pictures for everyone. You can refer to the pictures to find the materials, and you can play them! 2. From less to more When teaching your baby to recognize colors, don't put a lot of colorful things in front of your baby, or teach your baby to recognize many colors at a time. Because it is easy to make the baby have visual fatigue! Teaching only one color at a time is easier for babies to accept. When you know this color, teach the next one. The specific method: we can use the "yes and non-emphasis method". That is, help your baby differentiate between colors by telling them yes or no. Take a simple example and everyone will understand! For example: when my DD is playing with blocks, I will hold a red block and say: "The color of this block is red." Holding a block that is not red, I will say: "This block is not red." In this way Deepen memory emphasis. When your child can recognize red at a glance no matter what he sees, start teaching him the next color. Don't tell your child that this is red, green, blue... This is very easy to confuse the child. After teaching a child to recognize a color, make sure that the child fully understands it. Children can be examined in this way. When I teach DD about red, I check if he understands this: put a strawberry and a banana on the table. Then I said: "Red..." DD naturally answered: "Strawberry." The advanced version can also expand the range, and you can put some items of different colors on the table, and let the child pick out the red items. Gradually the scope can be further expanded. For example: look for what is red in the house? and many more. If the child can find it right, then he must have understood the concept of "red"! It can also guide children to express. In order to further consolidate children's cognition of colors, it is best to encourage children to express the corresponding colors in language. For example: when eating fruit, we can ask the child what color is the fruit? What color are you wearing today? ... (note that the color of the question must be the color that the child has already understood!) Guide the child to express the color that has been learned, so that after repeated several times, the child will have a deeper understanding of the color!
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